Challenges and Transformations in Women’s Leisure, Sport and Physical Education Movements

  • Beccy Watson
  • Louise Mansfield
  • Jayne Caudwell
  • Belinda Wheaton


Feminist (leisure) researchers in the 1980s and 1990s argued that the context of women’s leisure was, at best, one of ‘relative freedoms’ (Wimbush & Talbot, 1988), something achieved in the context of multiple constraints (Henderson, Bialeschki, Shaw, & Freysinger, 1989). Some empirical studies in the UK questioned whether and how women had leisure at all, ‘Women’s leisure what leisure?’ (Green, Hebron, & Woodward, 1990) and ‘All work and no play’ (Deem, 1986) being particularly significant contributions that drew on critical feminist analysis at the time. A number of feminists were already connecting leisure, sport and physical education in the early 1980s (Deem, 1982; Hargreaves, 1986) and in 1980 Margaret Talbot made the case for women’s sport to be analysed in the context of leisure (Talbot, 1980). This has had, and continues to have, a profound influence on scholarship in and across our varied areas of interest and analysis (Hall, 1987; Hargreaves, 1994; Scraton, 1985).


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Beccy Watson
    • 1
  • Louise Mansfield
    • 2
  • Jayne Caudwell
    • 3
  • Belinda Wheaton
    • 4
  1. 1.Leeds Beckett UniversityLeedsUK
  2. 2.Brunel UniversityLondonUK
  3. 3.Bournemouth UniversityPooleUK
  4. 4.University of WaikatoHamiltonNew Zealand

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