• Avi Brisman
  • Bill McClanahan
  • Nigel South
  • Reece Walters
Part of the Critical Criminological Perspectives book series (CCRP)


In the children’s book, 11 Experiments That Failed (Offill 2011), a young girl poses the question, ‘Can a message be sent in a bottle to a faraway land?’ Her hypothesis is that ‘The hole in the bottom of the toilet leads to the sea’, and she sets out to test this by placing a message in a bottle and seeing what happens when she flushes it down the toilet. The following page reveals an illustration of the girl’s house with water pouring out of the windows and the girl adrift on a toilet seat. Bobbing next to her is a potpourri of household items. The girl’s astonished mother, calf-deep in water, clutches a cordless phone. The only text on the page is as follows:


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Avi Brisman
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Bill McClanahan
    • 1
  • Nigel South
    • 4
    • 2
  • Reece Walters
    • 2
  1. 1.School of Justice Studies College of Justice and SafetyEastern Kentucky UniversityRichmondUSA
  2. 2.School of Justice Faculty of LawQueensland University of TechnologyBrisbaneAustralia
  3. 3.Newcastle Law School Faculty of Business and LawUniversity of NewcastleCallaghanAustralia
  4. 4.Department of SociologyUniversity of EssexColchester, EssexUK

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