Social Economy and Women in Iran

  • Roksana Bahramitash
  • Atena Sadegh
  • Negin Sattari


The social solidarity economy essentially operates through a mix of both public and private sector elements using both formal and informal methods at organizational and financial levels (including volunteering, state funds, in-kind support, self-help groups, etc.), making it very hard to define as a category. It is nearly impossible to quantify its social and economic benefits but equally impossible to deny its importance in sustaining the economy. This chapter provides an insight into how it operates as an informal community-based initiative operating through religious venues.


Social economy Socio-economic justice Third sector Market and non-market oriented production Collective responsibility Economic alternatives Opportunistic advantage Informal community network 


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Roksana Bahramitash
    • 1
  • Atena Sadegh
    • 2
  • Negin Sattari
    • 3
  1. 1.Montreal-based Scholar and ConsultantMontrealCanada
  2. 2.Étude Économique ConseilMontrealCanada
  3. 3.University of Illinois at Urbana-ChampaignUrbanaUSA

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