A Cartography of Higher Education: Attempts at Inclusion and Insights from Pasifika Scholarship in Aotearoa New Zealand
- 817 Downloads
Higher education institutions have used the banner of "diversity" for a wide range of initiatives that aim to support the presence of "different" bodies and perspectives within academic spaces. However, these initiatives tend to reproduce rather than transform dominant ways of knowing and being. Drawing on the work of Sara Ahmed, Pasifika scholarship, and using the methodology of social cartography of Rolland Paulston, this chapter explores what practices of diversity and inclusion could look like if epistemological dominance was recognized as problematic. Focusing on Pasifika in Aotearoa New Zealand, the authors explore how higher education institutions practice diversity and how Pasifika peoples in higher education have attempted to bring their own epistemological understandings into the Eurocentric space.
KeywordsHigh Education Indigenous People High Education Institution Indigenous Knowledge White Student
- Ahenakew, C., V.O. Andreotti, G. Cooper, and H. Hireme. 2014. Beyond Epistemic Provincialism: De-provincializing Indigenous Resistance. AlterNative: An International Journal of Indigenous Peoples 10(3): 216–231.Google Scholar
- Ahenakew, C., and S. Naepi. 2015. The Difficult Task of Turning Walls into Tables. In Sociocultural Theory: Implications for Curricular Across the Sector, eds. A. Macfarlane, M. Webber, and S. Macfarlane, 181–194. Christchurch, NZ: University of Canterbury Press (With Editors).Google Scholar
- Ahmed, S. 2004. Declarations of Whiteness: The Non-performativity of Anti-racism. Borderlands E-Journal, 3(2). http://www.borderlands.net.au/vol3no2_2004/ahmed_declarations.htm.
- Airini. M. Anae, K. Mila-Schaff, E. Coxon, D. Mara, and K. Sanga. 2010a. Teu le va Relationships Across Research and Policy in Pasifika Education. Wellington, New Zealand: New Zealand Ministry of Education. http://www.educationcounts.govt.nz/__data/assets/pdf_file/0009/75897/944_TeuLeVa-30062010.pdf. Accessed 20 Nov 2014.
- Airini. D. Brown, E. Curtis, O. Johnson, F. Luatua, and M. Ulugia-Pua. 2010b. Success for All: Improving Māori and Pasifika Learner Success in Degree-Level Studies. Teaching and Learning Research Initiative website: http://www.tlri.org.nz/assets/A_Project-PDFs/9247-Airinisites/default/files/projects/9247-Airini-final-report.pdf. Accessed 21 Feb 2014.
- Alkema, A. 2014. Success for Pasifika in Tertiary Education: Highlights from Ako Aotearoa-Supported Research. Ako Aotearoa—The National Centre for Tertiary Teaching Excellence. https://akoaotearoa.ac.nz/download/ng/file/group-4/success-for-pasifika-in-tertiary-education-highlights-from-ako-aotearoa-supported-research-in-2013.pdf. Accessed 9 Jan 2014.
- Anae, M. 2010. Research for Better Pacific Schooling in New Zealand. Teu le va—A Samoan Perspective. Mai Review 1: 1–24. https://researchspace.auckland.ac.nz/handle/2292/14419. Accessed Oct 24 2015.
- Andreotti, V.O., S. Stein, C. Ahenakew, and D. Hunt. 2015. Mapping Interpretations of Decolonization in the Context of Higher Education. Decolonization: Indigeneity, Education and Society 4(1): 21–40.Google Scholar
- Bonilla-Silva, E. 2006. Racism without Racists: Color-blind Racism and the Persistence of Racial Inequality in the United States. Lanham, MD: Rowman and Littlefield Publishers.Google Scholar
- Coxon, E., L. Foliaki, and D. Mara. 1994. Pacific Education. In The Politics of Learning and Teaching in Aotearoa New Zealand, eds. K. Coxon, K. Jenkins, J. Marshall, and L. Massey, 280–214. Palmerston North: Dunmore Press.Google Scholar
- Chilisa, B. 2011. Indigenous Research Methodologies. Washington, DC: Sage Publications.Google Scholar
- Cooper, G. 2012. Kaupapa Māori research: Epistemic wilderness as freedom? New Zealand Journal of Educational Studies, 47(2): 64–73. Google Scholar
- Curtis, E., E. Wikaire, T. Lualua-Aatai, B. Kool, W. Nepia, M. Ruka, M. Honey, F. Kelly, and P. Poole. 2012. Tātou Tātou/Success for All: Improving Māori Student Success. Ako Aotearoa website: retrieved 03 December 2015 from http://akoaotearoa.ac.nz/download/ng/file/group-1652/tatou-tatou--success-for-all-improving-Māori-student-success.pdf.Google Scholar
- Education Counts. 2014. Tertiary Participation Rates. http://www.educationcounts.govt.nz/statistics/pasifika/progress_against_pasifika_education_plan_targets#14. Accessed 10 Mar 2015.
- Grande, S. 2008. Red pedagogy: The Un-Methodology. In Handbook of Critical and Indigenous Methodologies, eds. N. K. Denzin, Y. S. Lincoln, and L. T. Smith, 233–254, Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publ Ltd.Google Scholar
- Grosfoguel, R. 2012. The Dilemmas of Ethnic Studies in the United States: Between Liberal Multiculturalism, Identity Politics, Disciplinary Colonization, and Decolonial Epistemologies. Human Architecture: Journal of the Sociology of Self-Knowledge 10(1): 81–90.Google Scholar
- Grosfoguel, R. 2013. The structure of knowledge in Westernized universities. Human Architecture: Journal of the Sociology of Self-Knowledge, 11(1), 73–90.Google Scholar
- Gusa, D.L. 2010. White Institutional Presence: The Impact of Whiteness on Campus Climate. Harvard Educational Review 80(4): 464–489.Google Scholar
- Manu’atu, L. and M. Keoa. 2002. Towards Reconstituting the Notion of Study Clinics. A Kakai Tonga Tu’a Community-based educational project. Invited Presentation to the First National Pasifika Bilingual Education Conference. Auckland: Alexandra Park Conference Centre.Google Scholar
- Mayeda, D.T., M. Keil, H.D. Dutton, and I. Ofamo’oni. 2014. Māori and Pacific Voices on Student Success in Higher Education. AlterNative: An International Journal of Indigenous Peoples 10(2): 165–179.Google Scholar
- Mila-Schaff, K., and E. Robinson. 2010. ‘Polycultural’ Capital and Educational Achievement among NZ Born Pacific Peoples. Mai Review 1: 1–18 .http://web.its.auckland.ac.nz/ojs.review.mai.ac.nz/index.php/MR/article/viewArticle/307.Google Scholar
- Nabobo-Baba, U. 2011. Decolonising Framings in Pacific Research: Indigenous Fijian Vanua Research Framework as an Organic Response. AlterNative: An International Journal of Indigenous Peoples 4(2): 141–154.Google Scholar
- Newhouse, D. 2008. Ganigonhi:Oh. The Good Mind Meets the Academy. Canadian Journal of Native Education 31(1): 184–197.Google Scholar
- New Zealand Ministry of Education. 2013. Pasifika Education Plan. http://www.minedu.govt.nz/NZEducation/EducationPolicies/~/media/MinEdu/Files/EducationSectors/PasifikaEducation/PasifikaEdPlan2013To2017V2.pdf. Accessed 11 Mar 2015.
- New Zealand Ministry of Education and Ministry of Business Innovation and Employment. 2014. Tertiary Education Strategy 2014-2019, Retrieved from http://www.minedu.govt.nz/~/media/MinEdu/Files/EducationSectors/TertiaryEducation/TertiaryEducationStrategy2014/MOE_TES2014_V9.pdfGoogle Scholar
- Osei-Kofi, N., L.E. Torres, and J. Lui. 2013. Practices of Whiteness: Racialization in College. Race Ethnicity and Education 16(3): 386–405.Google Scholar
- Otunuku, M.A. 2011. How Can Talanoa Be Used Effectively as an Indigenous Research Methodology with Tongan People? Pacific-Asian Education 23(2): 43–52.Google Scholar
- Patterson, S. 2012. Voices of Taciqu: Teaching and Learning Practices in Non-Lecture Settings for Māori and Pasifika Success in the First Year of a Bachelor of Arts. (unpublished thesis). New Zealand: University of Auckland.Google Scholar
- Perrott, A. 2007. Pasifika: Identity or Illusion? Canvas Magazine, New Zealand Herald. http://www.nzherald.co.nz/tongans-in-nz/news/article.cfm?c_id=346andobjectid=10455473. Accessed 13 Sept 2014.
- Prescott, S.M. 2008. Using Talanoa in Pacific Business Research in New Zealand: Experiences with Tongan Entrepreneurs. AlterNative: An International Journal of Indigenous Peoples 4(1): 128–148.Google Scholar
- Roshanravan, S. 2012. Staying Home While Studying Abroad: Anti-imperial Praxis for Globalizing Feminist Visions. Journal of Feminist Scholarship 2: 1–23.Google Scholar
- Samu, T. 2010. Pacific Education: An Oceanic Perspective. Mai Review 1: 1–14 .http://web.its.auckland.ac.nz/ojs.review.mai.ac.nz/index.php/MR/article/viewFile/311/379. Accessed 24 Oct 2015.Google Scholar
- Santos, J.L., N.L. Cabrera, and K.J. Fosnacht. 2010. Is “Race-Neutral” Really Race-Neutral?: Disparate Impact Towards Underrepresented Minorities in Post-2009 UC System Admissions. The Journal of Higher Education 81(6): 675–701.Google Scholar
- Smith, A. 2009. Native Studies Beyond the Academic-Industrial Complex. In “I Thought Pocahontas Was a Movie”: Perspectives on Race/Culture Binaries in Education and Service Professions, eds. C. Schick and J. McNinch, 79–89. Regina: CPRC Press.Google Scholar
- Smith, L.T. 2012. Decolonizing Methodologies: Research and Indigenous Peoples, 2nd edn. New York: Zed Books, Ltd.Google Scholar
- Statistics New Zealand. 2014. Major Ethnic Groups in New Zealand. http://www.stats.govt.nz/Census/2013-census/profile-and-summary-reports/infographic-culture-identity.aspx. Accessed 10 Mar 2015.
- Vaioleti, T. 2006. Talanoa Research Methodology: A Developing Position on Pacific Research. Waikato Journal of Education 12: 21–34.Google Scholar