Young Women, Aims, and Education in the Kumaun

  • Cynthia Groff
Part of the Palgrave Studies in Minority Languages and Communities book series (PSMLC)


An ecological description of a linguistic context includes attention to the social and educational situation of the people involved. This chapter focuses first on the position of women in Kumauni society and the importance of marriage in the future prospects of the young women, including the role of language in the marriage market. The stories and aims of Himani and Sunita illustrate the school environment in the Kumaun and demonstrate young women’s negotiation of the various discourses and their action, despite limitations, to take hold of future opportunities. The educational opportunities in and around Kausani are clearly ranked in terms of quality and prestige, with English-medium as most prestigious, although the Ashram leaders promote different values and the aims of Ashram-trained girls differ from those of their government-school peers.

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Cynthia Groff
    • 1
  1. 1.Leiden UniversityThe HagueThe Netherlands

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