From Frontier to Heartland

Part of the Cambridge Imperial and Post-Colonial Studies Series book series (CIPCSS)


This chapter examines historical movements of overland Yunnanese migration from southwest China to Upper Burma and the community’s transformation under British rule on both sides of the Sino-Burmese border. After a brief review on pre-colonial, free frontier exchanges, it traces the colonial impact on the Yunnanese from the mid-nineteenth century onward. In response to the establishment of a colonial regime and the demarcation of a national border, the Yunnanese adjusted their orientations to either enhance their Chinese affiliation or comply with colonial ethnic perception and re-established a migrant community centered in Mandalay. As the twentieth century progressed, Yunnanese traders and intellectuals also ventured out to explore new opportunities in the colonial capital and Lower Burma.


Chinese Community Colonial Rule Migrant Community British Rule Royal Palace 
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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of History, SOASUniversity of LondonLondonUK

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