Gendered Citizenship: The Politics of Representation

  • Hilde Danielsen
  • Kari Jegerstedt
  • Ragnhild L. Muriaas
  • Brita Ytre-Arne
Part of the Citizenship, Gender and Diversity book series (FEMCIT)


This chapter introduces the topic of the book and discusses why representation is a relevant prism for understanding and exploring new avenues to gendered citizenship globally. We trace some of the roots of the concept of representation, focusing on the duality between representation as “standing in for” and as “re-presenting”. This duality, oscillating between the dilemmas of representational democracy and various conceptions of politics in the spheres of media, arts and culture, provides the context for the more specific investigations of representation and gendered citizenship that are to follow. We also introduce the different chapters of the book, highlighting their approaches and contributions to this problematic.


Descriptive Representation Substantive Representation Gender Representation Political Subject Gender Quota 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. Brunsdon, C., & Spiegel, L. (Eds.). (2007). Feminist television criticism. Maidenhead: Open University Press.Google Scholar
  2. Butler, J. (1990). Gender trouble. Feminism and the subversion of identity. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  3. Carter, C., & Steiner, L. (Eds.). (2003). Critical readings: Media and gender. Maidenhead: Open University Press.Google Scholar
  4. Celis, K. (2013). Representativity in times of diversity: The political representation of women. Womens Studies International Forum, 41(Part 3), 179–186.Google Scholar
  5. Childs, S., & Krook, M. L. (2006). Should feminists give up on critical mass? A contingent yes. Politics and Gender, 2(4), 522–530.Google Scholar
  6. Dahlerup, D. (1988). From a small to a large minority: Women in scandinavian politics. Scandinavian Political Studies, 11(4), 275–298.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Derrida, J. (1978). Writing and difference (A. Bass, Trans.). Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  8. Garcia-Blanco, I., & Wahl-Jorgensen, K. (2012). The discursive construction of women politicians in the European Press. Feminist Media Studies, 12(3), 422–441.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Gill, R. (2007). Gender and the media. Cambridge: Polity.Google Scholar
  10. Hermes, J. (1995). Reading women’s magazines. Cambridge: Polity.Google Scholar
  11. Hermes, J. (2005). Re-reading popular culture. Malden: Blackwell.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Hall, S. (Ed.). (1997). Representation: Cultural representations and signifying practices. London: Sage.Google Scholar
  13. Halsaa, B., Roseneil, S., & Sümer, S. (Eds.). (2012). Remaking citizenship in multicultural Europe: Womens movements, gender and diversity. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.Google Scholar
  14. Hindess, B. (2002). Neo-liberal citizenship. Citizenship Studies, 6(2), 127–132.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Irigaray, L. (1985). This sex which is not one (C. Porter, & C. Carolyn Burke, Trans.). Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.Google Scholar
  16. Laclau, E. (1990). New reflections on the revolution of our time. London: Verso.Google Scholar
  17. Marshall, T. H. (1950). Citizenship and social class and other essays. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  18. McRobbie, A. (1991). Feminism and youth culture. Basingstoke: Macmillan.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. McRobbie, A. (2009). The aftermath of feminism. Gender, culture and social change. London: Sage.Google Scholar
  20. Mouffe, C. (2013). Agonistics: Thinking the world politically. London: Verso.Google Scholar
  21. Mulvey, L. (1975). Visual pleasure and narrative cinema. Screen, 16(3), 6–18.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Phillips, A. (1995). Politics of presence. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  23. Pitkin, H. (1967). The concept of representation. California: University of California Press.Google Scholar
  24. Roseneil, S. (2013). Beyond citizenship? Feminism and the transformation of belonging. London: Palgrave Macmillan.Google Scholar
  25. Said, E. (1978). Orientalism. New York: Pantheon Books.Google Scholar
  26. Spivak, G. (1981). French feminism in an international frame. Yale French Studies, 62, 154–184.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Spivak, G. (1988). Can the subaltern speak? In C. Nelson & L. Grossberg (Eds.), Marxism and the interpretation of culture (pp. 271–313). Basingstoke: Macmillan Education.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Stevenson, N. (2003). Cultural citizenship. Cosmopolitan questions. Maidenhead: Open University Press.Google Scholar
  29. Thornham, S. (2007). Women, feminism and media. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.Google Scholar
  30. Threlfall, M., Freidenvall, L., Fuszara, M., & Dahlerup, D. (2012). Remaking political citizenship in multicultural Europe: Addressing citizenship deficits in the formal political representation system. In B. Halsaa, S. Roseneil, & S. Sümer (Eds.), Remaking citizenship in multicultural Europe: Women’s movements, gender and diversity. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.Google Scholar
  31. van Zoonen, L. (1994). Feminist media studies. London: Sage.Google Scholar
  32. van Zoonen, L. (2005). Entertaining the citizen. When politics and popular culture converge. Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hilde Danielsen
    • 1
  • Kari Jegerstedt
    • 2
  • Ragnhild L. Muriaas
    • 3
  • Brita Ytre-Arne
    • 4
  1. 1.Uni Research Rokkan CentreBergenNorway
  2. 2.Centre for Women’s and Gender ResearchUniversity of BergenBergenNorway
  3. 3.Department of Comparative PoliticsUniversity of BergenBergenNorway
  4. 4.Department of Information Science and Media StudiesUniversity of BergenBergenNorway

Personalised recommendations