The European Commission as a Policy Actor

  • Elina Brutschin


In Chapter 3, the reader is introduced to the Commission’s formal powers such as agenda setting as well as informal powers such as making use of policy networks, based on the insights from previous studies. One of the key explanatory factors that is mentioned across different studies of European policymaking in the energy sector is the concern over energy security that is assumed to motivate further integration. Different gas security environments are then proposed to be used in the subsequent analysis of gas policies: 1980–2000 with high levels of gas security and 2000–2010s with low levels of gas security. Tracing the Commission’s entrepreneurship across different environments allows for more systematic insights into successful strategies.


European Commission EU policymaking EU theories Formal and informal policy instruments 


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© The Author(s) 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Elina Brutschin
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of International RelationsWebster Vienna Private UniversityViennaAustria

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