Historical Background and Overview

  • Elina Brutschin


This chapter starts by tracing the idea of the unification of the European energy markets from the times of the European Coal and Steal Community in 1950s and then explains why European countries subsequently became heavily dependent on oil supplies from the Middle East. It is then argued that oil disruptions of the 1970s, new gas discoveries and the “steel for gas” deals with the Soviet Union were decisive for the evolution of the current gas infrastructure. The parts of the chapter that trace the developments of the EU gas markets after the Soviet breakup and Eastern enlargement show that the 2006 and 2009 gas interruptions to Ukraine have partially motivated new EU gas legislation, which Russia perceived as threatening to her economic interests.


Soviet pipelines Energy dependence Gas security Gas disruptions 


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Elina Brutschin
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of International RelationsWebster Vienna Private UniversityViennaAustria

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