• Elina Brutschin


This chapter introduces the motivations behind studying the activities of the European Commission within the European natural gas market. The European Union (EU) currently faces a number of challenges, one of them being the creation of the European Energy Union during times of low energy prices and highly uncertain political environment. By studying and systematically comparing the Commission’s efforts to coordinate natural gas policies in the past, important insights into possible future developments can be gained.


Energy Union European Commission Policy entrepreneur 


  1. Bauer, M.W. (2002). The Commission and the poverty programmes. JCMS: Journal of Common Market Studies, 40(3), 381–400. Scholar
  2. Boersma, T. (2015). Energy security and natural gas markets in Europe: Lessons from the EU and the United States. Routledge.Google Scholar
  3. Glachant, J.-M., Hallack, M., Vazquez, M., Ruester, S., & Ascari, S. (2013). Building competitive gas markets in the EU. Edward Elgar Publishing.
  4. Goldthau, A., & Sitter, N. (2014). A liberal actor in a realist world? The Commission and the external dimension of the single market for energy. Journal of European Public Policy, 21(10), 1452–1472. Scholar
  5. Herweg, N. (2015). Explaining European agenda-setting using the multiple streams framework: The case of European natural gas regulation. Policy Sciences, 1–21. Scholar
  6. Jegen, M., & Mérand, F. (2014). Constructive ambiguity: Comparing the EU’s energy and defence policies. West European Politics, 37(1), 182–203. Scholar
  7. Maltby, T. (2013). European Union energy policy integration: A case of European Commission policy entrepreneurship and increasing supranationalism. Energy Policy, 55, 435–444. Scholar
  8. Matlary, J.H. (1997). Energy policy in the European union. Palgrave Macmillan.Google Scholar
  9. Pollack, M. A. (1997). Delegation, agency, and agenda setting in the European Community. International Organization, 51(01), 99–134. Scholar
  10. Proedrou, F. (2012). EU Energy security in the gas sector. Ashgate.Google Scholar
  11. Schubert, S.R., Pollak, J., & Kreutler, M. (2016). Energy policy of the European Union. Macmillan Education.Google Scholar
  12. Szulecki, K., Fischer, S., Gullberg, A.T., & Sartor, O. (2016). Shaping the “Energy Union”: between national positions and governance innovation in EU energy and climate policy. Climate Policy, 16(5), 548–567. Scholar
  13. Tosun, J., Biesenbender, S., & Schulze, K., Eds. (2015). Energy policy making in the EU. Vol. 28. London: Springer London.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Schmidt, S. K. (2000). Only an agenda setter? The European Commission’s power over the council of ministers. European Union Politics, 1(1), 37–61. Scholar
  15. European Commission. (2016g). European Commission—Press release—Towards Energy Union: The Commission presents sustainable energy security package. Accessed September 2016.

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Elina Brutschin
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of International RelationsWebster Vienna Private UniversityViennaAustria

Personalised recommendations