Europe of Agorai (2005–2009)

  • Stefanie Pukallus


The fourth representation of European citizenship emerged in the context of the Constitutional Treaty and the appointment of Margot Wallström as Commissioner for Communication Strategy who began to create a ‘Europe of Agorai’ for European civil-spatial citizens. What this meant was that the European citizen was understood as an intelligent and rational deliberator who is interested in and knowledgeable about European policies and who could (at least in theory) act as a policy-advisor to the European Commission. The European Commission believed that debate and dialogue facilitated by newly built virtual and physical European agorai would give European citizens the real possibility to debate European topics, to voice their own opinions and to gain ‘ownership’ of the European project.


Civil Society Public Debate Public Communication Deliberative Democracy European Citizen 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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© The Author(s) 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Stefanie Pukallus
    • 1
  1. 1.University of SheffieldSheffieldUK

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