• Cristina Sin
  • Amélia Veiga
  • Alberto Amaral
Part of the Issues in Higher Education book series (IHIGHER)


The impact of Bologna on student mobility, its positive effects and unintended consequences, and the factors which influence mobility represent the focus of this chapter. Since Bologna’s launch, mobility has grown at a faster rate in Portugal than the European average. Yet, the latest figures show mobility to lie at a modest 7.4 % of graduates, far removed from the ambitious target of 20 % mobile graduates by 2020. Portugal has also become an importer country, facing the problem of unbalanced mobility. Among the welcome consequences of the Bologna Process, the standardisation of administrative procedures and the convergence of degree structures across Europe stand out as having benefited mobility. In contrast, financial constraints and curricular inflexibility—the latter as an unintended consequence—raise serious barriers to the mobility of Portuguese students. Overall, the state of mobility in Portugal is a disappointing picture when compared with the political intentions of the Bologna Process.


Student Mobility Incoming Mobility Foreign Institution Degree Structure Bologna Declaration 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Cristina Sin
    • 1
  • Amélia Veiga
    • 1
  • Alberto Amaral
    • 1
  1. 1.CIPESMatosinhosPortugal

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