Hybrid Theory and Japanese Global Management



As described in the previous chapter, monozukuri is the crafting of something by a thorough use of art, science, and skill. Even in large manufacturing corporations, a monozukuri of high quality products by a perfect method or craftsmanship is always required to some extent. Therefore, monozukuri is in fact equivalent to hito-zukuri, or manpower building, that is, nurturing craftsmanship, resulting eventually in soshiki-zukuri, or organizational and capability building. On the other hand, the hybrid theory analyzes management internationally transferred taking into account the human, material, method, and result in a ‘four-perspective evaluation.’. In a similar sense the same theory can be applied to analyze Japan’s FDI into manufacturing MNEs with monozukuri strategy.

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© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Yamazaki Dynamic Management CorporationTokyoJapan

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