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Central Asian Racisms

  • Nikolay Zakharov
  • Ian Law
  • Maya Shmidt
Chapter
  • 213 Downloads
Part of the Mapping Global Racisms book series (MGR)

Abstract

This chapter emphasizes the contradictory composition of the discourses of race in Central Asia―whereby it can be conceptualized both as breed (or lineage), which is supported by the discourses of nationalism and clan politics, and as type (or phenotype), which is supported by folk conceptions borrowed from the Soviet and post-Soviet experiences of racialization. The fluid character of racism in the region obstructs any non-contradictory formation of the racial order. The logic of racialization demands both internal and external “others”, which leads to contradictions within the available intellectual programs of nation-building under the conditions of striving to legitimize inequality and authoritarian rule. It is self-contradictory in its two functions of responding to the traumatic challenges of the neighboring countries and Russia and of naturalizing social differences at home. The weakness of civil society and of institutions endeavoring to apply transparency and meritocracy as their operating principles has resulted in a situation in which Central Asian states have not succeeded in questioning the institutionalized ascription of a variety of social markers, such as racialized ethnic belonging.

Keywords

Social Racism National Minority Kyrgyz Republic Central Asian Republic International Crisis Group 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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© The Author(s) 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nikolay Zakharov
    • 1
  • Ian Law
    • 2
  • Maya Shmidt
    • 3
  1. 1.UppsalaSweden
  2. 2.LeedsUK
  3. 3.MoscowRussia

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