Making Knowledge

  • Ane Ohrvik
Chapter
Part of the Palgrave Historical Studies in Witchcraft and Magic book series (PHSWM)

Abstract

That the material form of the Black Books is inextricably tied to their application and meaning is a foundational premise of the study. Chapter 3 examines the production technologies of format, binding and textual style as an exterior ‘reading’. While the descriptive enquiry answers the simple question of what characterises the Black Books, the analysis sheds light on why these material features appear as they do and what caused their application. The close focus on material features shows that format, binding and textual style not only make the Black Books books in their own right but also that they contribute to the presentation of the knowledge contained as authorisation strategies to secure its reception.

Bibliography

  1. Albert, Petit. 1658. Le solide tresor des merveilleux secrets de la magie naturelle et cabalistique du petit Albert. Traduit exactement sur l’Original latin qui a pour titre Alberti parvi lucii libellus de mirabilibus naturae arcanis. Enrichi de plusieurs figures mystérieuses pour former des talismans, avec la maniere de les faire. Bellegarde: [S.n.].Google Scholar
  2. Anon. 1685. The Magick of Kirani, King of Persia, and of Harpocration Containing the Magical and Medicinal Vertues of Stones, Herbes, Fishes, Beasts, and Birds: A Work Much Sought for by the Learned but Seen by few : Said to Have Been in the Vatican-Library in Rome but Not to be Found There Nor in All the Famous Libraries of the Empire/Now Published and Translated into English from a Copy Found in a Private Hand. London: [S.n.]. Printed in the year 1685.Google Scholar
  3. Anon, Christophe Landré, and Jeremias Martius. 1597. Kunstbüch … von mancherley nutzlichen, biszher verborgnen und lustigen Künsten … sampt einem andern Büchlin/vor etlichen Jaren in frantzösischer Sprach, durch Christophorum Landrinum auszgangen, darinn etliche fürtreffliche bewerte Artzneyen … begriffen seind, jetzt bber beyde in Teutsche Sprach verfertiget durch Hieremiam Martium. Augsburg, Germany: Manger, Michael.Google Scholar
  4. Appel, Charlotte. 2001. Læsning og bogmarked i 1600-tallets Danmark. Danish Humanist Texts and Studies. Vol. 23, Copenhagen: Museum Tusculanums Forlag.Google Scholar
  5. Bairo, Pietro. 1602. Secreti medicinali … Ne quali si contengono i rimedii che si possono usar in tutte l’infermità che vengono all’huomo. Cominciando da capelli fino alla pianta de piedi … Et questo libro per l’utilità sua si chiama, Vieni meco. [Pietro Bairo]. Venice: Tebaldini, Nicolo.Google Scholar
  6. Boltz von Ruffach, Valentin. 1648. En ny oc konstrig illuminer-bog: Det er, hvorledis konsteligen er at giøre oc berede alleslags farffver, som er meget lystig oc gaffnlig at vide for skriffvere, malere oc andre som elske saadan konst, sampt nogle nye tilsatte konst-stycker som tilforne aldrig ere udgangne paa prent. Oeconomia Nova. Oc nu paa Danske udsat, oc til Trycken forfærdiget. Vol. 3. Copenhagen: Aff Peter Hake.Google Scholar
  7. Bugge, Astrid. 1927. Bokbind og bokbindere i Norge inntil 1850. Oslo: Aschehoug.Google Scholar
  8. Byberg, Lis. 2003. På sporet av 1700-tallets lesere. In Bokhistorie, ed. Tore Rem, 82–101. Oslo: Gyldendal.Google Scholar
  9. Chartier, Roger. 1999. Reading Matter and ‘Popular’ Reading: From the Renaissance to the Seventeenth Century. In A History of Reading in the West, ed. Guglielmo Cavallo and Roger Chartier. Histoire De La Lecture Dans Le Monde Occidental, 269–283. Oxford: Polity.Google Scholar
  10. Chartier, Roger, and Lydia G. Cochrane. 2014. The Author’s Hand and the Printer’s Mind. Cambridge: Polity.Google Scholar
  11. Cormack, Bradin, and Carla Mazzio. 2005. Book Use, Book Theory: 1500–1700. Chicago: University of Chicago Library.Google Scholar
  12. Dagenais, John. 1994. The Ethics of Reading in Manuscript Culture: Glossing the Libro De Buen Amor. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Dahl, Gina. 2011. Books in Early Modern Norway. Library of the Written Word. Vol. 17. Leiden: Brill.Google Scholar
  14. Erresalde, Pierre. 1639–1675, 1660. Nouveaux secrets rares et curieux. Donnez charitablement au public par une personne de condition. Contenant divers remèdes eprouvez, utils & profitables pour toutes sortes de maladies. Seconde édition. Augmentée de remèdes très souverains pour se penser de la maladie contagieuse, & se préserver d icelle. Avec divers secrets pour la conservation de la beauté des dames, & une nouvelle manière pour faire toutes sortes de confitures, tant seiches que liquides. [Pierre Erresalde]. Paris: Loyson, Jean-Baptiste.Google Scholar
  15. Ezell, Margaret J.M. 2009. Invisible Books. In Producing the Eighteenth-Century Book: Writers and Publishers in England, 1650–1800, ed. Laura L. Runge and Pat Rogers, 53–69. Newark, DL: University of Delaware Press.Google Scholar
  16. ———. 2015. Handwriting and the Book. In The Cambridge Companion to the History of the Book. Cambridge Companions to Literature. The Cambridge Companion to the History of the Book, ed. Leslie Howsam, 90–106. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  17. Fet, Jostein. 2003. Skrivande bønder: Skriftkultur på Nord-Vestlandet 1600–1850. Oslo: Samlaget.Google Scholar
  18. Fink-Jensen, Morten. 2004. Fornuften under troens lydighed. Naturfilosofi, medicin og teologi i Danmark 1536–1636. Copenhagen: Museum Tusculanums Forlag.Google Scholar
  19. Hagen, Rune Blix. 2014. Witchcraft and Ethnicity: A Critical Perspective on Sami Shamanism in Seventeenth-Century Northern Norway. In Writing Witch-Hunt Histories, ed. Marko Nenonen and Raisa Maria Toivo. Studies in Medieval and Reformation Traditions, vol. 173, 141–166. Leiden: Brill.Google Scholar
  20. Hake, Peter. 1648. En liden dog konsterig bog/om adskillige slags farffve oc bleck. Oeconomia Nova. Vol. 2. Copenhagen: Jørgen Holst.Google Scholar
  21. Herwigk, Hans. 1649. En nyttig bog om bjer: Hvorledis mand med dennem skal handle oc omgaaes, af egen forfarenhed oc flittig observation colligeret oc sammenskreffven efter den maneer oc maade som her udi Danmarck nytteligst oc gaffnligst befindis. Oeconomia Nova. Vol. 9. Copenhagen: Jørgen Holst.Google Scholar
  22. Horstbøll, Henrik. 1999. Menigmands medie: Det folkelige bogtryk i Danmark 1500–1840: En kulturhistorisk undersøgelse. Danish Humanist Texts and Studies. Vol. 19. København: Museum Tusculanums Forlag.Google Scholar
  23. ———. 2009. In octavo: Formater, form og indhold på det populære litterære marked i 1700-tallets Danmark. In Bokens materialitet, ed. Mats Malm, Barbro Ståhle Sjönell, and Petra Söderlund. Nordisk Nätverk för Editionsfilologer, 197–223. Stockholm: Svenska Vitterhetssamfundet.Google Scholar
  24. ———. 2010. Anonymiteten, trykkefriheden og forfatterrollens forandring i 1700-tallets Danmark. Lychnos: Årsbok för idé-och lärdomshistoria 2010: 147–161.Google Scholar
  25. Johannessen, Knut. 2007. Den glemte skriften: Gotisk håndskrift i Norge. Riksantikvaren Skriftserie 28. Oslo: Riksarkivet.Google Scholar
  26. Jugel, Caspar. 1648. Oeconomia: Eller nødvendige beretning oc anleding, hvorledis en gandske huußholding paa det nytteligste oc beste (saa fremt Gud allermæctigste giffver sin velsignelse) kand anstillis. Vol. 1. Oeconomia Nova Paa Danske: Med Andre Hosføyede Tractater. Copenhagen.Google Scholar
  27. Knutsen, Gunnar W. 1998. Trolldomsprosessene på Østlandet: En kulturhistorisk undersøkelse. Publikasjoner fra Tingbokprosjektet. Vol. 17. Oslo: Tingbokprosjektet.Google Scholar
  28. McKenzie, D.F. 1990. Speech—Manuscript—Print. In New Directions in Textual Studies, ed. Robin Bradford and Dave Oliphant, 86–109. Austin, TX: Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center, University of Texas at Austin.Google Scholar
  29. ———. 1999. Bibliography and the Sociology of Texts. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 1984.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Miller, Julia. 2010. Books Will Speak Plain: A Handbook for Identifying and Describing Historical Bindings. Ann Arbor, MI: Legacy Press.Google Scholar
  31. Næss, Hans Eyvind. 1984. Med bål og brann: Trolldomsprosessene i Norge. Stavanger: Universitetsforlaget.Google Scholar
  32. Nix, Linda. 1994. Early Medieval Book Design in England: The Influence of Manuscript Design on the Transmission of Texts. In A Millennium of the Book: Production, Design & Illustration in Manuscript & Print 900–1900, ed. Robin Myers and Michael Harris, 1–21. Delaware: Oak Knoll Press.Google Scholar
  33. Ohrvik, Ane. 2014. Et forsøk på portrett av en svarteboksamler i Norsk Folkeminesamling. In “En vild endevending av al virkelighet”: Norsk Folkeminnesamling i hundre år, ed. Line Esborg and Dirk Johannsen, 207–218. Oslo: Novus Forlag.Google Scholar
  34. Ong, Walter J. 2002. Orality and Literacy: The Technologizing of the Word. New Accents. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  35. Pickwoad, Nicholas. 1994. Onward and Downward: How Binders Coped with the Printing Press before 1800. In A Millennium of the Book: Production, Design & Illustration in Manuscript & Print 900–1900, ed. Robin Myers and Michael Harris, 61–106. Delaware: Oak Knoll Press.Google Scholar
  36. Rem, Tore. 2009. Materielle variasjoner: Overgangen fra fraktur til antikva i Norge. In Bokens materialitet: Bokhistoria och bibliografi: Bidrag till en konferens anordnad av Nordisk Nätverk För Editionsfilologer, 14–16 September 2007, ed. Mats Malm, Barbro Ståhle Sjönell, and Petra Söderlund. Nordisk Nätverk För Editionsfilologer: Skrifter 8, 151–173. Stockholm: Svenska Vitterhetssamfundet.Google Scholar
  37. Ridderstad, Per S. 1999. Textens ansikte i seklernas spegel: Om litterära texter och typografisk form: Anförande vid Svenska Vitterhetssamfundets årsmöte den 27 Maj 1998. Stockholm: Svenska vitterhetssamfundet.Google Scholar
  38. Rustad, Mary S., ed. 1999. The Black Books of Elverum. Lakeville, MN: Galde Press.Google Scholar
  39. Schroeter, J.Fr. 1926. De ældste trykte almanakker og kalendarier i Norge. In Boken om bøker, ed. Herman Jæger and W.P. Sommerfelt, 93–108. Oslo: Steenske Forlag.Google Scholar
  40. Sherman, William, and Heather Wolfe. 2015. The Department of Hybrid Books: Thomas Milles between Manuscript and Print. Journal of Medieval and Early Modern Studies 45 (3): 457–485.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Smith, Margaret M. 1994. The Design Relationship between the Manuscript and the Incunable. In A Millennium of the Book. Production, Design & Illustration in Manuscript & Print 900–1900, ed. Robin Myers and Michael Harris, 23–43. Delaware: Oak Knoll Press.Google Scholar
  42. Stoicheff, Peter. 2015. Materials and Meanings. In The Cambridge Companion to the History of the Book, ed. Leslie Howsam. Cambridge Companions to Literature. The Cambridge Companion to the History of the Book, 73–89. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  43. Stokker, Kathleen. 2007. Remedies and Rituals: Folk Medicine in Norway and the New Land. Saint Paul, MN: Minnesota Historical Society Press.Google Scholar
  44. Tenger, Zeynep, and Paul Trolander. 2010. From Print Versus Manuscript to Sociable Authorship and Mixed Media: A Review of Trends in the Scholarship of Early Modern Publication. Literature Compass 7 (11): 1035–1048.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Torp, Arne, and Lars S. Vikør. 2003. Hovuddrag i norsk språkhistorie. 3rd ed. Oslo: Gyldendal Akademisk.Google Scholar
  46. Willumsen, Liv Helene. 2013. Witches of the North: Scotland and Finnmark. Studies in Medieval and Reformation Traditions. Vol. 170. Leiden: Brill.Google Scholar
  47. Willumsen, Liv Helene, and Katjana L. Edwardsen. 2010. The Witchcraft Trials in Finnmark, Northern Norway. Vadsø: Varanger Museum Skald.Google Scholar
  48. Wittman, Reinhard. 1999. Was There a Reading Revolution at the End of the Eighteenth Century? In A History of Reading in the West, ed. Guglielmo Cavallo and Roger Chartier. Histoire De La Lecture Dans Le Monde Occidental, 284–312. Oxford: Polity.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ane Ohrvik
    • 1
  1. 1.University of OsloOsloNorway

Personalised recommendations