El Niño Chronology and the Little Ice Age
Thanks to the work of Hubert Lamb the effect of climate on society in the Little Ice Age (LIA) is well known in temperate latitudes. The subtropical and tropical history of the LIA and its El Niño events is far less analysed or documented. It does seem clear that the most severe drought periods in Asia and elsewhere (especially Africa) that were manifest during the LIA were associated almost exclusively with what we consider to have been El Niño events. In this way we are then able to ask the question: what happened in the tropics, and especially in Asia, during the El Niño events of the LIA, and what does this mean in terms of understanding the history of economic patterns and human crises?