Socio-economic Position

Part of the Migration, Diasporas and Citizenship book series (MDC)


This chapter provides a focus on the socio-economic position of Black Africans, with respect to their housing circumstances, education, and labour market. The section on housing circumstances considers housing tenure, dwelling type, whether the accommodation is self-contained, central heating, overcrowding (rooms and bedrooms), and the housing circumstances of Black African subgroups. The analysis of education encompasses an investigation of generic measures (degree level and no qualifications), variation in educational attainment by Census country of birth, linguistic, national origin, and religion subgroups, and reasons for variations in educational attainment. The final section on the labour market focuses on trends in labour market participation by ethnic group; economic activity by ethnic group; differences in labour market participation by gender, occupation, and industry (low-skilled jobs, nurses, doctors, and social work staff), self-employment and entrepreneurship, hours worked, young people in the labour market, and Black African subgroup variations in labour market participation.


National Health Service Labour Force Survey Labour Market Participation Decennial Census Minority Ethnic Group 
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Copyright information

© The Editor(s) (if applicable) and The Author(s) 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Centre for Health Services StudiesUniversity of KentCanterburyUK
  2. 2.Department of Public HealthUniversity of Liverpool in LondonLondonUK

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