Patterns of Migration

Part of the Migration, Diasporas and Citizenship book series (MDC)


This chapter focuses on Black Africans who have come to Britain to live here from sub-Saharan African countries (or as secondary migrants from European countries) over the last three decades or so. First, the age of arrival of the population born abroad is presented. Data are then shown on the year of arrival of migrants from African countries, followed by a detailed analysis of Black African migrants by period of arrival and countries of birth in Africa. Secondary migration from European countries, especially Somalis from the Netherlands and Sweden, is then explored. The main reasons for migration are investigated: asylum seeking (including the dispersal programme), migration for study, migration for work, family migration, undocumented/illegal migrants, and trafficked populations. The adverse consequences of what may happen when international migrants settle or remain in the country, including homelessness and destitution, are analysed. Finally, integration issues are discussed.


Asylum Seeker Human Trafficking Free School Meal Secondary Migration Birth Group 
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Copyright information

© The Editor(s) (if applicable) and The Author(s) 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Centre for Health Services StudiesUniversity of KentCanterburyUK
  2. 2.Department of Public HealthUniversity of Liverpool in LondonLondonUK

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