Educating Men Face-to-Face

  • Michael FloodEmail author
Part of the Global Masculinities book series (GLMAS)


This Chapter focuses on one of the most common forms of violence prevention strategy among men and boys, face-to-face education. Around the world, interactive workshops and training sessions are used with men and boys to build their gender-equitable understandings, teach skills in non-violence and sexual consent, inspire collective advocacy, and so on. As Flood discusses in detail, some forms of face-to-face education simply do not work. They are too short to make change, they do not engage participants in discussion and reflection, or they are poorly taught. This chapter identifies what makes for effective practice in education for violence prevention: what to cover, how to teach, and whom should teach.


Violence Prevention Education womenViolence Rape Myth Acceptance Bystander Approach Bystander Behavior 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. Adams-Curtis, L. E., & Forbes, G. B. (2004). College Women’s Experiences of Sexual Coercion: A Review of Cultural, Perpetrator, Victim, and Situational Variables. Trauma, Violence, & Abuse, 5(2), 91–122.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Alcalde, M. C. (2014). An Intersectional Approach to Latino Anti-Violence Engagement. Culture, Society and Masculinities, 6(1), 35–51.Google Scholar
  3. Anderson, L. A., & Whiston, S. C. (2005). Sexual Assault Education Programs: A Meta-Analytic Examination of Their Effectiveness. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 29(4), 374–388.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Anderson, V. N., Simpson-Taylor, D., & Herrmann, D. J. (2004). Gender, Age, and Rape-Supportive Rules. Sex Roles, 50(1), 77–90.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Anicha, C. L., Burnett, A., & Bilen-Green, C. (2015). Men Faculty Gender-Equity Advocates: A Qualitative Analysis of Theory and Praxis. The Journal of Men’s Studies, 23(1), 21–43.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Arango, D. J., Morton, M., Gennari, F., Kiplesund, S., & Ellsberg, M. (2014). Interventions to Prevent or Reduce Violence Against Women and Girls: A Systematic Review of Reviews. Washington DC.Google Scholar
  7. Bachar, K., & Koss, M. (2001). From Prevalence to Prevention: Closing the Gap between What We Know About Rape and What We Do. In C. M. Renzetti, J. L. Edelson, & R. K. Bergen (Eds.), Sourcebook on Violence Against Women (pp. 117–142). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.Google Scholar
  8. Banyard, V. L., Moynihan, M. M., & Plante, E. G. (2007a). Sexual Violence Prevention Through Bystander Education: An Experimental Evaluation. Journal of Community Psychology, 35(4), 463–481.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Banyard, V. L., Ward, S., Cohn, E. S., Plante, E. G., Moorhead, C., & Walsh, W. (2007b). Unwanted Sexual Contact on Campus: A Comparison of Women’s and Men’s Experiences. Violence and Victims, 22(1), 52–70.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Barker, G. (2000). Gender Equitable Boys in a Gender Inequitable World: Reflections from Qualitative Research and Programme Development in Rio De Janeiro. Sexual and Relationship Therapy, 15(3), 263–282.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Berkowitz, A. D. (2002). Fostering Men’s Responsibility for Preventing Sexual Assault. In P. Schewe (Ed.), Preventing Violence in Relationships. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.Google Scholar
  12. Berkowitz, A. D. (2004). Working with Men to Prevent Violence Against Women: An Overview (Part One). National Resource Center on Domestic Violence, 9(2), 1–7.Google Scholar
  13. Bowden, R. G., Lanning, B. A., Pippin, G. R., & Tanner, J. F., Jr. (2003). Teachers’ Attitudes Towards Abstinence-Only Sex Education Curricula. Education, 123(4), 780.Google Scholar
  14. Brecklin, L. R., & Forde, D. R. (2001). A Meta-Analysis of Rape Education Programs. Violence and Victims, 16(3), 303–321.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Buston, K., Wight, D., & Hart, G. (2002). Inside the Sex Education Classroom: The Importance of Context in Engaging Pupils. Culture, Health & Sexuality, 4(3), 317–335.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. CARE. (2014). Engaging Men and Boys for Gender Equality Series: Lessons Learnt (Brief 2). London: CARE.Google Scholar
  17. Carmody, M., Evans, S., Krogh, C., Flood, M., Heenan, M., & Ovenden, G. (2009). Framing Best Practice: National Standards for the Primary Prevention of Sexual Assault Through Education. Sydney: University of Western Sydney.Google Scholar
  18. Carmody, M. (2006). Preventing Adult Sexual Violence Through Education. Current Issues in Criminal Justice, 18, 342–356.Google Scholar
  19. Carter, D. (1999). A Whole-School Approach to Adolescent Peer-Leader Development for Affective Learning in Health-Related Curricula. Research Papers in Education, 14(3), 295–319.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. CASA House. (2008). Evaluation of the Casa House Sexual Assault Prevention Program for Secondary Schools (SAPPSS) (0958559589). Melbourne: Centre Against Sexual Assault.Google Scholar
  21. Case, K. A., Hensley, R., & Anderson, A. (2014). Reflecting on Heterosexual and Male Privilege: Interventions to Raise Awareness. Journal of Social Issues, 70(4), 722–740.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Casey, E., & Smith, T. (2010). “How Can I Not?”: Men’s Pathways to Involvement in Anti-violence Against Women Work. Violence Against Women, 16(8), 953–973.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Cavanaugh, M. M., & Gelles, R. J. (2005). The Utility of Male Domestic Violence Offender Typologies: New Directions for Research, Policy, and Practice. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 20(2), 155–166.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Clinton-Sherrod, A. M., Morgan-Lopez, A. A., Gibbs, D., Hawkins, S. R., Hart, L., Ball, B., …, Littler, N. (2009). Factors Contributing to the Effectiveness of Four School-Based Sexual Violence Interventions. Health Promotion Practice, 10(Suppl. 1), 19S–28.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Davis, T. L., & Wagner, R. (2005). Increasing Men’s Development of Social Justice Attitudes and Actions. New Directions for Student Services, 110, 29–41.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. DeGue, S., Valle, L. A., Holt, M. K., Massetti, G. M., Matjasko, J. L., & Tharp, A. T. (2014). A Systematic Review of Primary Prevention Strategies for Sexual Violence Perpetration. Aggression and Violent Behavior, 19(4), 346–362.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Dyson, S., & Flood, M. (2007). Building Cultures of Respect and Non-violence: A Review of Literature Concerning Adult Learning and Violence Prevention Programs with Men. Melbourne: La Trobe University.Google Scholar
  28. Dyson, S., & Fox, C. (2006). An Evaluation of the Sexual Health and Relationships Education (SHARE) Project 2003–2005. Melbourne: Australian Research Centre in Sex, Health and Society, La Trobe University.Google Scholar
  29. Dyson, S., Mitchell, A., Dalton, D., & Hillier, L. (2003). Factors for Success in Conducting Effective Sexual Health and Relationships Education with Young People in Schools: A Literature Review. Melbourne: Australian Research Centre in Sex, Health, and Society, La Trobe University.Google Scholar
  30. Dyson, S., Mitchell, A., & Fox, C. (2007). Review of Adult Education & Behaviour Change Literature and Evaluation of 2005 Training—Part Two: Evaluation of Module One Training. Melbourne: Australian Research Centre in Sex, Health and Society, La Trobe University.Google Scholar
  31. Earle, J. P. (1996). Acquaintance Rape Workshops: Their Effectiveness in Changing the Attitudes of First Year College Men. National Association of Student Personnel Administrators (NASPA) Journal, 34(1), 2–18.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Edwards, K. E. (2006). Aspiring Social Justice Ally Identity Development: A Conceptual Model. NASPA Journal, 43(4), 39–60.Google Scholar
  33. Elias-Lambert, N., Black, B., & Sharma, Y. (2010). Middle School Youth: Satisfaction with and Responses to a Dating Violence and Sexual Assault Prevention Program. Journal of School Violence, 9(2), 136–153.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Elias-Lambert, N., & Black, B. M. (2015). Bystander Sexual Violence Prevention Program: Outcomes for High- and Low-Risk University Men. Journal of Interpersonal Violence.Google Scholar
  35. Ellis, J. (2008). Primary Prevention of Domestic Abuse Through Education. In C. Humphreys, C. Houghton, & J. Ellis (Eds.), Literature Review: Better Outcomes for Children and Young People Affected by Domestic Abuse-Directions for Good Practice. Edinburgh: Scottish Government.Google Scholar
  36. Fergus, L. (2006). An Evaluation of the Respect, Protect, Connect Program. Melbourne: South East Centre Against Sexual Assault.Google Scholar
  37. Flood, M. (2002–2003). Engaging Men: Strategies and Dilemmas in Violence Prevention Education Among Men. Women Against Violence: An Australian Feminist Journal (13), 25–32.Google Scholar
  38. Flood, M. (2005–2006). Changing Men: Best Practice in Sexual Violence Education. Women Against Violence: An Australian Feminist Journal, 18, 26–36.Google Scholar
  39. Flood, M. (2011). Men as Students and Teachers of Feminist Scholarship. Men and Masculinities, 14(2), 135–154.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Flood, M., Fergus, L., & Heenan, M. (2009). Respectful Relationships Education: Violence Prevention and Respectful Relationships Education in Victorian Secondary Schools. Melbourne: Department of Education and Early Childhood Development, State of Victoria.Google Scholar
  41. Flood, M., & Pease, B. (2006). The Factors Influencing Community Attitudes in Relation to Violence Against Women: A Critical Review of the Literature. Melbourne: Victorian Health Promotion Foundation (VicHealth).Google Scholar
  42. Flores, S. A., & Hartlaub, M. G. (1998). Reducing Rape-Myth Acceptance in Male College Students: A Meta-Analysis of Intervention Studies. Journal of College Student Development, 39, 438–448.Google Scholar
  43. Foshee, V. A., Bauman, K. E., Arriaga, X. B., Helms, R. W., Koch, G. G., & Linder, G. F. (1998). An Evaluation of Safe Dates, an Adolescent Dating Violence Prevention Program. American Journal of Public Health, 88(1), 45–50.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Foshee, V. A., Bauman, K. E., Ennett, S. T., Linder, G. F., Benefield, T., & Suchindran, C. (2004). Assessing the Long-Term Effects of the Safe Dates Program and a Booster in Preventing and Reducing Adolescent Dating Violence Victimization and Perpetration. American Journal of Public Health, 94(4), 619–624.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Fulu, E., Kerr-Wilson, A., & Lang, J. (2014). What Works to Prevent Violence Against Women and Girls. Pretoria: Medical Research Council.Google Scholar
  46. Funk, R. E. (2006). Reaching Men: Strategies for Preventing Sexist Attitudes Behaviors, and Violence. Indianopolis, IN: Jist Publishing.Google Scholar
  47. Gedney, C. R., Wood, D. S., Lundahl, B., & Butters, R. P. (2015). Sexual Assault Prevention Efforts in the U.S. Air Force: A Systematic Review and Content Analysis. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 0886260515608801.Google Scholar
  48. Gidycz, C. A., Orchowski, L. M., & Berkowitz, A. D. (2011). Preventing Sexual Aggression among College Men: An Evaluation of a Social Norms and Bystander Intervention Program. Violence Against Women, 17(6), 720–742.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Gourlay, P. (1996). Sexuality Education: Fact, Fiction and Fallopian Tubes. In L. Laskey & C. Beavis (Eds.), Schooling and Sexualities: Teaching for a Positive Sexuality. Melbourne: Deakin Centre for Education and Change, Deakin University.Google Scholar
  50. Greenberg, M. T. (2004). Current and Future Challenges in School-Based Prevention: The Researcher Perspective. Prevention Science, 5(1), 5–13.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Harrison, L., Hillier, L., & Walsh, J. (1996). Teaching for a Positive Sexuality: Sounds Good, but What About Fear, Embarrassment, Risk and the ‘Forbidden’ Discourse of Desire? In L. Laskey & C. Beavis (Eds.), Schooling and Sexualities: Teaching for a Positive Sexuality (pp. 69–82). Melbourne: Deakin University Press.Google Scholar
  52. Hassall, I., & Hanna, K. (2007). School-Based Violence Prevention Programmes: A Literature Review. Wellington: Accident Compensation Corporation.Google Scholar
  53. Heise, L. (2011). What Works to Prevent Partner Violence? An Evidence Overview. London: London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine.Google Scholar
  54. Heppner, M. J., Humphrey, C. F., Hillenbrand-Gunn, T. L., & DeBord, K. A. (1995). The Differential Effects of Rape Prevention Programming on Attitudes, Behavior, and Knowledge. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 42(4), 508–518.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. Heppner, M. J., Neville, H. A., Smith, K., Kivlighan, D. M., Jr., & Gershuny, B. S. (1999). Examining Immediate and Long-Term Efficacy of Rape Prevention Programming with Racially Diverse College Men. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 46(1), 16–26.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. Hester, M., & Westmarland, N. (2005). Tackling Domestic Violence: Effective Interventions and Approaches. London: Home Office Research, Development and Statistics Directorate.Google Scholar
  57. Hillenbrand-Gunn, T. L., Heppner, M. J., Mauch, P. A., & Park, H. J. (2010). Men as Allies: The Efficacy of a High School Rape Prevention Intervention. Journal of Counseling & Development, 88(1), 43–51.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. Hillier, L., Dempsey, D., & Harrison, L. (1999). ‘I’d Never Share a Needle’…[But I Often Have Unsafe Sex]: Considering the Paradox of Young People’s Sex and Drugs Talk. Culture, Health & Sexuality, 1(4), 347–361.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. Hilton, N. Z., Harris, G. T., Rice, M. E., Krans, T. S., & Lavigne, S. E. (1998). Antiviolence Education in High Schools: Implementation and Evaluation. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 13(6), 726–742.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. Hird, M. J., & Jackson, S. (2001). Where ‘Angels’ and ‘Wusses’ Fear to Tread: Sexual Coercion in Adolescent Dating Relationships. Journal of Sociology, 37(1), 27–43.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. Institute of Women, S. M. o. L. a. S. A., with M. J. D. Aguado and R. M. Arias,. (2002). Good Practice Guide to Mitigate the Effects of and Eradicate Violence Against Women. Madrid: Institute of Women, Spanish Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs.Google Scholar
  62. International Planned Parenthood Federation. (2010). Men Are Changing: Case Study Evidence on Work with Men and Boys to Promote Gender Equality and Positive Masculinities. London: International Planned Parenthood Federation.Google Scholar
  63. Johnson, B. (1989). Final Year Student Teachers’ Views on the Characteristics of ‘Good Quality’ Curriculum Materials (Unpublished paper used in the BEd [Inservice] course ‘Curriculum Theory and Development’). South Australian College of Advanced Education, Salisbury, SA).Google Scholar
  64. Johnson, B. (2006). An Evaluation of the Trial Implementation of the Sexual Health and Relationships Education (Share) Program 2003–2005. Adelaide: Sexual Health Information, Networking and Education (SHineSA).Google Scholar
  65. Johnson, M. P., & Ferraro, K. J. (2000). Research on Domestic Violence in the 1990s: Making Distinctions. Journal of Marriage and Family, 62(4), 948–963.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. Katz, J., Heisterkamp, H. A., & Fleming, W. M. (2011). The Social Justice Roots of the Mentors in Violence Prevention Model and Its Application in a High School Setting. Violence Against Women, 17(6), 684–702.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  67. Keel, M. (2005). Prevention of Sexual Assault: Working with Adolescents Within the Education System. ACSSA Newsletter, 8, 16–25.Google Scholar
  68. Kirby, D., & Alter, J. (1980). The Experts Rate Important Features and Outcomes of Sex Education Programs. Journal of School Health, 50(9), 497–502.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  69. Lonsway, K. A. (1996). Preventing Acquaintance Rape Through Education: What Do We Know. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 20(2), 229–265.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  70. Magill, R. (2000). Good Practice in Schools. Paper Presented at The Way Forward: Children, Young People and Domestic Violence National Forum, Melbourne, 26–17 April.Google Scholar
  71. Martin, S. L., Coyne-Beasley, T., Hoehn, M., Mathew, M., Runyan, C. W., Orton, S., & Royster, L.-A.. (2009). Primary Prevention of Violence Against Women: Training Needs of Violence Practitioners. Violence Against Women, 15(1), 44–56.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  72. Matjasko, J. L., Vivolo-Kantor, A. M., Massetti, G. M., Holland, K. M., Holt, M. K., & Dela Cruz, J. (2012). A Systematic Meta-Review of Evaluations of Youth Violence Prevention Programs: Common and Divergent Findings from 25 Years of Meta-Analyses and Systematic Reviews. Aggression and Violent Behavior, 17(6), 540–552.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  73. Meyer, H., & Stein, N. (2004). Relationship Violence Prevention Education in Schools: What’s Working, What’s Getting in the Way, and What Are Some Future Directions. American Journal of Health Education, 35(4), 198–204.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  74. Miller, E., Tancredi, D. J., McCauley, H. L., Decker, M. R., Virata, M. C. D., Anderson, H. A., …, Silverman, J. G. (2012). “Coaching Boys into Men”: A Cluster-Randomized Controlled Trial of a Dating Violence Prevention Program. Journal of Adolescent Health, 51(5), 431–438.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  75. Moynihan, M. M., Eckstein, R. P., Banyard, V. L., & Plante, E. G. (2010). Facilitator’s Guide for Bringing in the Bystander: A Prevention Workshop for Establishing a Community of Responsibility (Revised Version). Durham, NH: University of New Hampshire.Google Scholar
  76. Mulroney, J. (2003, 12–14 February 2003). Prevention Programs for Young People That Promote Healthy Relationships. Paper Presented at the Practice and Prevention: Contemporary Issues in Adult Sexual Assault in NSW Conference, Sydney, NSW.Google Scholar
  77. Murnen, S. K., Wright, C., & Kaluzny, G. (2002). If “Boys Will Be Boys”, Then Girls Will Be Victims? A Meta-Analytic Review of the Research That Relates Masculine Ideology to Sexual Aggression. Sex Roles, 46(11/12), 359–375.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  78. Nation, M., Crusto, C., Wandersman, A., Kumpfer, K. L., Seybolt, D., Morrissey-Kane, E., & Davino, K. (2003). What Works in Prevention: Principles of Effective Prevention Programs. American Psychologist, 58(6–7), 449–456.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  79. National Crime Prevention. (2001). Young People & Domestic Violence: National Research on Young People’s Attitudes and Experiences of Domestic Violence. Canberra.Google Scholar
  80. National Youth Affairs Research Scheme. (1995). Young People’s Perceptions of and Attitudes to Sexual Violence. Hobart: National Clearinghouse for Youth Studies.Google Scholar
  81. Palm Reed, K., Hines, D., Armstrong, J., & Cameron, A. (2015). Experimental Evaluation of a Bystander Prevention Program for Sexual Assault and Dating Violence. Psychology of Violence, 5(1), 95–102.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  82. Perry, B. (2008a). Making an Impression: Sufficient Dosage & SV/IPV Prevention. Moving Upstream: Virginia’s Newsletter for the Primary Prevention of Sexual & Intimate Partner Violence, 4(2).Google Scholar
  83. Perry, B. (2008b). Starting Young & Sustaining: Developmentally Appropriate Primary SV/IPV Prevention (p. 4). Moving Upstream: Virginia’s Newsletter for the Primary Prevention of Sexual Violence.Google Scholar
  84. Piccigallo, J. R., Lilley, T. G., & Miller, S. L. (2012). “It’s Cool to Care About Sexual Violence” Men’s Experiences with Sexual Assault Prevention. Men and Masculinities, 15(5), 507–525.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  85. Powell, A. (2011). Review of Bystander Approaches in Support of Preventing Violence Against Women. Melbourne: Victorian Health Promotion Foundation (VicHealth).Google Scholar
  86. Prinz, R. (2000). Research-Based Prevention of School Violence and Youth Antisocial Behavior: A Developmental and Educational Perspective. Paper Presented at the Preventing School Violence: Plenary Papers of the 1999 Conference on Criminal Justice Research Evaluation-Enhancing Policy and Practice Through Research.Google Scholar
  87. Pulerwitz, J., Barker, G., Segundo, M., & Nascimento, M. (2006). Promoting More Gender-Equitable Norms and Behaviors Among Young Men as an HIV/AIDS Prevention Strategy. Washington DC: Population Council.Google Scholar
  88. Ricardo, C., Eads, M., & Barker, G. T. (2011). Engaging Boys and Young Men in the Prevention of Sexual Violence: A Systematic and Global Review of Evaluated Interventions. Sexual Violence Research Initiative.Google Scholar
  89. Schwartz, M. D., & DeKeseredy, W. (1997). Sexual Assault on the College Campus: The Role of Male Peer Support. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.Google Scholar
  90. Sikkema, K. J., Winett, R. A., & Lombard, D. N. (1995). Development and Evaluation of an HIV-Risk Reduction Program for Female College Students. AIDS Education and Prevention, 7(2), 145–159.Google Scholar
  91. Smith, P., & Welchans, S. (2000). Peer Education: Does Focusing on Male Responsibility Change Sexual Assault Attitudes? Violence Against Women, 6(11), 1255–1268.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  92. T Issues Consultancy. (2004). Report on the Evaluation of the Kinks and Bends Program. Balgowlah, NSW.Google Scholar
  93. Tutty, L., Bradshaw, C., Thurston, W., Tunstall, L., Dewar, M., Toy-Pries, D., …, Josephson, W. (2002). School Based Violence Prevention Programs: A Resource Manual to Prevent Violence Against Girls and Young Women. Calgary, Alberta: RESOLVE Alberta.Google Scholar
  94. Urbis Keys Young. (2004). National Framework for Sexual Assault Prevention (1877042730). Canberra: Office of the Status of Women.Google Scholar
  95. Verma, R., Pulerwitz, J., Mahendra, V. S., Khandekar, S., Singh, A. K., Das, S. S., …, Barker, G. (2008). Promoting Gender Equity as a Strategy to Reduce HIV Risk and Gender-Based Violence Among Young Men in India. Washington, DC: Population Council.Google Scholar
  96. VicHealth. (2012). More Than Ready: Bystander Action to Prevent Violence Against Women in the Victorian Community. Melbourne: Victorian Health Promotion Foundation (VicHealth).Google Scholar
  97. Vladutiu, C. J., Martin, S. L., & Macy, R. J. (2011). College- or University-Based Sexual Assault Prevention Programs: A Review of Program Outcomes, Characteristics, and Recommendations. Trauma, Violence, & Abuse, 12(2), 67–86.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  98. Watt, S. K. (2007). Difficult Dialogues, Privilege and Social Justice: Uses of the Privileged Identity Exploration (Pie) Model in Student Affairs Practice. College Student Affairs Journal, 26(2), 114–126.Google Scholar
  99. Whitaker, D. J., Morrison, S., Lindquist, C., Hawkins, S. R., O’Neil, J. A., Nesius, A. M., …, Reese, L. R. (2006). A Critical Review of Interventions for the Primary Prevention of Perpetration of Partner Violence. Aggression and Violent Behavior, 11(2), 151–166.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  100. White, V., Greene, M., & Murphy, E. (2003). Men and Reproductive Health Programs: Influencing Gender Norms. Washington, DC: The Synergy Project.Google Scholar
  101. Wight, D. (1993). A Re-assessment of Health Education on HIV/AIDS for Young Heterosexuals. Health Education Research, 8(4), 473–483.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  102. Wight, D., Raab, G. M., Henderson, M., Abraham, C., Buston, K., Hart, G., & Scott, S. (2002). Limits of Teacher Delivered Sex Education: Interim Behavioural Outcomes from Randomised Trial. British Medical Journal, 324(7351), 1430.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  103. Wolfe, D. A., & Jaffe, P. G. (2003). Prevention of Domestic Violence and Sexual Assault. Harrisburg, PA: National Resource Centre on Domestic Violence.Google Scholar
  104. Yeater, E. A., & O’Donohue, W. (1999). Sexual Assault Prevention Programs: Current Issues, Future Directions, and the Potential Efficacy of Interventions with Women. Clinical Psychology Review, 19(7), 739–771.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Queensland University of TechnologyBrisbaneAustralia

Personalised recommendations