Advertisement

Conclusion: Migrant Men’s Strategies in the IDRL

  • Ester Gallo
  • Francesca Scrinzi
Chapter
  • 388 Downloads
Part of the Migration, Diasporas and Citizenship book series (MDC)

Abstract

The conclusion threads the different lines of enquiry developed in the book and discusses its main contributions to the field. By moving beyond women-centred analysis of the ‘international division of reproductive labour’ and revealing how masculinities are constructed in the ‘private’ domain of the home, the analysis contributes to both the feminist literature on migrant reproductive labour and masculinity studies. The book also contributes to gendering our understanding of migration and provides insight into the undertheorised domain of migrant/racialised men in feminised occupations. Migrant men both sustain and destabilise dominant models of masculinity and the gendered division of work, in the family and in the workplace. Through their involvement in reproductive labour, they question notions of racialised masculinity and cultural difference.

Keywords

International Migration Migrant Worker Migrant Woman Emotional Labour Gender Division 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Bibliography

  1. Acker, J. 2004 Gender, Capitalism and Globalisation. Critical Sociology 30(1): 17–41.Google Scholar
  2. Andall, J. 2000. Gender, migration and domestic service. Aldershot: Ashgate.Google Scholar
  3. Andall, J. 2005. Italian colonialism. Legacy and memory. Bern: Peter Lang.Google Scholar
  4. Anderson, B. 2003. Just another job? The commodification of domestic labour. In Global woman: Nannies, maids and sex workers in the new economy, ed. B. Ehrenreich and A.R. Hochschild. London: Granta Books.Google Scholar
  5. Bagilhole, B., and S. Cross. 2006. “It never struck me as female”: Investigating men's entry into female-dominated occupations. Journal of Gender Studies 15(1): 35–48.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Boccagni, P. 2009a. Practicing motherhood from a distance. Retention and loss in Ecuadorian transnational families. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies 38(2): 261–277.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Bradley, H. 1993. Across the great divide. The entry of men into “women’s jobs”. In Doing ‘women’s work’: Men in nontraditional occupations, ed. C.L. Williams. London: Sage.Google Scholar
  8. Brod, H. 1994. Some thoughts on some histories of some masculinities: Jews and other stories. In Theorizing masculinites, ed. D.S. David and R. Brannon. Thousand Oaks: Sage.Google Scholar
  9. Chavez, L.R. 1992. Shadowed lives: Undocumented migrants in American society. New York: Harcourt Brace.Google Scholar
  10. Chusmir, L. 1992. Men who make non-traditional career choices. Journal of Counselling and Development 69(1): 11–15.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Connell, R.W. 2014. Global tides. Market and gender dynamics on a world scale. Social Currents 1(1): 5–12.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Connell, R.W., and J.M. Messerschmidt. 2005. Hegemonic masculinity: Rethinking the concept. Gender & Society 19(6): 829–859.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Connell, R.W., and R. Pearse. 2015. Gender in world perspective. Cambridge: Polity Press.Google Scholar
  14. Donato, K.M., D. Gabaccia, J. Holdaway, M. Manalansan IV, and P.R. Pessar. 2006. A glass half full? Gender in migration studies. International Migration Review 40(1): 3–26.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Duncan, D. 2005. Italian identity and the risk of contamination. The legacies of Mussolini’s demographic impulse in the work of Comisso, Flaiano and Dell’Oro. In Italian colonialism. Legacy and memory, ed. J. Andall and D. Duncan. Oxford: Peter Lang.Google Scholar
  16. Galbraith, M. 1992. Understanding the career choices of men in elementary education. Journal of Educational Research 85(4): 246–253.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Gallo, E., and F. Scrinzi. 2015. Outsourcing elderly care to migrant workers: The impact of gender and class on the experience of male employers. Sociology. Online before print 15 Apr 2015. Available at: http://soc.sagepub.com/content/early/2015/04/28/0038038515573688.full.pdf Google Scholar
  18. Hall, A., J. Hockey, and V. Robinson. 2007. Occupational cultures and the embodiment of masculinities: Hairdressing, estate agency and firefighting. Gender, Work and Organization 14(6): 534–551.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Hibbins, R., and B. Pease. 2009. Men and masculinities on the move. In Migrant men: Critical studies of masculinities and the migration experience, ed. M. Donaldson, R. Hibbins, R. Howson, and B. Pease. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  20. Hochschild, A.R. 2000. The nanny chain. The American Prospect 3(January): 32–36.Google Scholar
  21. Hondagneu-Sotelo, P., and M.A. Messner. 1994. Gender displays and men’s power: The “new man” and the Mexican immigrant man. In Theorizing masculinities, ed. H. Brod and M. Kaufman, 200–2018. Thousand Oaks: Sage.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Kilkey, M. 2010. Men and domestic labour: A missing link in the global care chain. Men and Masculinities 13(1): 126–149.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Kimmel, M. 1994. Masculinity as homophobia: Fear, shame and silence in the construction of gender identity. In Theorising masculinities, ed. H. Brod and M. Kaufman. London: Sage.Google Scholar
  24. Kofman, E., and P. Raghuram. 2015. Gendered migration and global social reproduction. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.Google Scholar
  25. Lopez-Garza, M. 2001. A study of the informal economy and Latina immigrants in greater Los Angeles. In Asian and Latino immigrants in a restructing economy: The metamorphosis of Southern California, ed. M. Lopez-Garza and D.R. Diaz. Palo Alto: Stanford University Press.Google Scholar
  26. Lundstrom, C. 2012. I didn’t come here to do housework. Relocating Swedish practices and ideologies in the context of the global division of labour: The case of expatriate households in Singapore. Nordic Journal of Migration Research 2(2): 150–158.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. MacKenzie, R., and C. Forde. 2009. The rhetoric of the “good worker” versus the realities of employers’ use and the experiences of migrant workers. Work Employment and Society 23(1): 142–159.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Mahler, S.J., and P.R. Pessar. 2006. Gender matters: Ethnographers bring gender from the periphery toward the core of migration studies. International Migration Review 40(1): 27–63.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. McGregor, J. 2007. Joining the BBC (British Bottom Cleaners): Zimbabwean migrants and the UK care industry. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies 33(5): 801–824.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Mudde, C. 2007. Populist Radical Right Parties in Europe. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  31. Näre, L. 2013b. Ideal workers and suspects. Employers’ politics of recognition and the migrant division of care labour in Finland. Nordic Journal of Migration Research 3(2): 72–81.Google Scholar
  32. Parreñas, R. 2005a. Children of global migration: Transnational families and gendered woes. Palo Alto: Stanford University.Google Scholar
  33. Parreñas, R. 2005b. Long distance intimacy: Class, gender and intergenerational relations between mothers and children in Filipino transnational families. Global Networks 5(4): 317–336.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Poster, W.R. 2002. Racialism, sexuality and masculinity: Gendering ‘global ethnography’ of the workplace. Social Politics 9(1): 126–158.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Ramirez, H. 2011. Masculinity in the workplace: The case of Mexican immigrant gardeners. Men and Masculinities 14(1): 97–116.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Ramirez, H., and P. Hondagneu-Sotelo. 2009. Mexican immigrant gardeners: Entrepreneurs or exploited workers? Social Problems 56(1): 70–88.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Robinson, V., and J. Hockey. 2012. Masculinities in transition. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.Google Scholar
  38. Rodriguez, N. 2004. “Workers wanted”: Employer recruitment of immigrant labor. Work and Occupations 31(4): 453–473.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Schann, M. 1983. Career plans of men and women in gender dominant professions. Journal of Vocational Behaviour 22(3): 343–356.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Simpson, R. 2004. Masculinity at work: The experiences of men in female dominated occupations. Work, Employment and Society 18(2): 349–368.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Villeneuve, M. 1994. Recruiting and retaining men in nursing: A review of the literature. Journal of Professional Nursing 10(4): 217–228.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Williams, C.L. (ed.). 1993. Doing ‘women's work’: Men in nontraditional occupations. London: Sage.Google Scholar
  43. Williams, F. 2012. Converging variations in migrant care work in Europe. Journal of European Social Policy 22(4): 363–376.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Williams, L., and W. Villemez. 1993. Seekers and finders: Male entry and exit in female dominated occupations. In Doing women’s work: Men in non-traditional occupations, ed. C. Williams. London: Sage.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Wingfield, A.H. 2009. Racializing the glass escalator. Gender & Society 23(1): 5–26.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Yeates, N. 2009. Globalizing care economies and migrant workers. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Editor(s) (if applicable) and The Author(s) 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ester Gallo
    • 1
  • Francesca Scrinzi
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of SociologyGediz UniversityMenemen (Izmir)Turkey
  2. 2.Department of SociologyUniversity of GlasgowGlasgowUK

Personalised recommendations