The Repressions of 1937–1938 and the Soviet Economy
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A major event in the background of the economic developments of the late 1930s was the widespread repressions, which involved the detention and deportation, imprisonment, or execution of millions of Soviet citizens. The chapter reviews the scale of repression and its relationship to economic trends. The chapter finds that the causes of the repressions lay in politics, not economics; it identifies their economic effects in widespread disruption, especially in industry, transport, and construction.