The Changing Context of Further and Higher Education and Youth Employment

  • Kate Hoskins
Part of the Policy and Practice in the Classroom book series (PPC)


This chapter begins with a discussion of neoliberalism to highlight how this concept has increasingly underpinned and influenced the social context throughout the United Kingdom and globally since the end of World War II (Jones 2015). I then discuss two key policy changes, arising, in part, from neoliberal discourses and ideology: first, the impact of cuts to the EMA; second, the impact of the increase in university top-up fees for tuition. I will be comparing the university fees top-up policy in England to the higher education fee situation in Greece and Spain to explore the parallels of these countries with the English context. Then finally, the chapter considers the current youth un/employment context facing young people in England and compares and contrasts this with youth un/employment in Greece and Spain (Nölke 2016; McCann 2010).


Higher Education Debt Aversion Disadvantaged Young People University Tuition Fees Higher Education Statistics Agency (HESA) 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kate Hoskins
    • 1
  1. 1.School of EducationUniversity of RoehamptonLondonUnited Kingdom

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