Cross-scale Dynamics in the Relational Field of Citizenship
Having already dealt with the horizontal and vertical dimensions of citizenship, and with the civic and political dimensions of integration, I can now move on to consider the relational dynamics that shape the area of the field that lies between the macro-level (which is the focus of the third chapter) and the micro-level of individual MFCs (which is the focus of the fourth chapter). In terms of meso-level relational dynamics, I am especially interested in the interactions between organised Muslim movements, associations and organisations of different kinds on the one hand (henceforth, Muslims actors) and actors and institutions in the policy domain as well as civil society actors in the public domain on the other; I am also interested in the way these Muslim actors rely on their discourse, networks, and contentious politics to achieve their aims. This relational field of discourse, networks and contentious politics allows us to examine the connections between citizenship and integration. More specifically, what this focus enables us to do is to hone in on the most important dynamics informing ontological citizenship, which constitute an essential meso-level that fills the cross-scale gap between the macro-level structures of horizontal and vertical citizenship, and the micro-level dynamics of civic and political integration.
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