• Katy TurtonEmail author


This chapter discusses the ways in which family members could mitigate the punishment of exile, by sending money and other material support or simply by maintaining correspondence with those convicted. It demonstrates that many family members chose to accompany their kin into exile. Families in exile could help the revolutionary survive by taking on household chores, finding employment and above all providing emotional support. Many revolutionaries married en route to exile in order to share the trials of exile with another. Children could be a comfort to those in exile, though keeping them safe in the harsh climate and poor living conditions of Siberia was difficult. And, just as children could help disguise underground activities, they could also make it easier for exiles to escape.

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of HistoryQueen’s University BelfastBelfastUK

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