• Katy TurtonEmail author


This chapter argues that familial support was vital when a party agent was imprisoned, not least because only relations or spouses had official rights in relation to a prisoner’s welfare. Family members could appeal for a prisoner’s release or for a reduction of his or her sentence and had the right to visit the prisoner. Such visits provided the prisoner with emotional and material support, but also helped maintain his or her contact with the underground. This chapter also describes the way in which having children affected the interaction between the prisoner and the state. While mothers were often able to appeal for early release, fathers rarely received such concessions and Tsarist officials were able to intensify their punishment by deliberately separating individuals from their children.

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© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of HistoryQueen’s University BelfastBelfastUK

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