New Institution Building or Muddling Through in the Chinese Countryside

  • Yang Zhong


The rural situation in China has been a trouble spot for the Chinese government since the late 1980s. Rural problems are often summarized as san nong wenti (three rural issues), that is, nongmin (peasants), nongye (agriculture), and nongcun (rural areas). The three rural issues entail both economic and political dimensions. The peasant problem refers to the peasants’ declining income, poor living conditions, low education level, and the difficulty in controlling peasant population. The agricultural problem involves the low profitability of Chinese agricultural products, scarce agricultural land use, low agricultural technology levels, and the vulnerability of Chinese agricultural economy in world competition after China’s accession to the WTO. These two problems lead to the overall rural problems (nongcun wenti) of instability and potential chaos in the Chinese countryside.


Committee Chair Party Secretary Village Election Village Official Village Cadre 
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© Weixing Chen and Yang Zhong 2005

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  • Yang Zhong

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