Conclusion Becoming an East Asian State?

  • Chih-yu Shih
Part of the Comparative Perspectives on Modern Asia book series (CPMA)


East Asia was never a kind of international political system described in the realist or liberal IR literature. No state in the said system was ever unproblematized. China becoming a sovereign state, for example, was the product of a historical process, which began with Japan becoming a sovereign state first. How Japan became a state is not the focus of this book, but it is clear that whether or not China would eventually become a modern state bothered Japanese leaders much more than the Western leaders. Japan’s China puzzle proved to be a revelation of Japan being a different kind of state than what the Japanese leaders once desired. Occupation, transformation, and war were natural solutions available to Japanese leaders in the face of a China that exposed Japan’s inferior oriental root.


Modern State Sovereign State Chinese Leader Chinese Foreign Policy Japanese Leader 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Copyright information

© Chih-yu Shih 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Chih-yu Shih

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations