The Performance of the Zimbabwean Economy, 1980–2000
jobless growth (growth which does not expand employment opportunities);
ruthless growth (growth associated with increasing inequality and poverty);
voiceless growth (growth in the absence of democracy or empowerment);
rootless growth (growth that withers cultural identity); and
futureless growth (growth that squanders resources needed by future generations (UNDP 1996).
KeywordsGross Domestic Product Minimum Wage Real Wage Budget Deficit Export Performance
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