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North Korea’s Guiding Ideology and Its Impact

  • Li Yongchun
Part of the International Relations and Comparisons in Northeast Asia book series (IRCNA)

Abstract

Juche, the political philosophy instituted by Kim Il-sung, is a guiding ideology for North Korea and its party. It also serves as the foundation upon which principles, guidelines, and policies are developed for North Korea’s socialist revolution. With changes in North Korean domestic conditions and it international situation, Kim Jong-il inherited and further developed the Juche idea, proposing the Songun (Military First) policy as North Korea’s ruling ideology and governing practice. After Kim Jong-un took office, he proposed Kimilsungism-Kimjongilism as the guiding idea for the party. The guiding principles proposed by three generations of North Korean supreme leaders ideologically guide the country’s political, economic, cultural, and military affairs. They are fundamental ideas on which the study of North Korean policies and national strategies should be based. A study of the origin, core value, and impacts of North Korean guiding ideologies will help us better understand the country and grasp the Sino-North Korea relationship.

Keywords

Leadership Style Korean People National Survival National Liberation Supreme People 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Notes

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    The inheritance of the two pistols represented the importance of armed struggle against Japanese imperialism symbolized by the “Down-with-Imperialism Union” (dadao diguo zhuyi tongmen) movement founded by Kim Il-sung in 1926. North Korea continues to uphold the idea by giving priority to the gun barrel and the military in leading revolution and socialism, and by having the revolutionary army as the main force behind the movement. See, Kim Bong-ho, Wi-dae-han Songun-si-dae (Pyongyang: Pyongyang-chul-pan-sa, 2004).Google Scholar
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    Kim Jong-il, Songun-hyeong-myeong-ro-seon-eun U-ri Si-dae-ui Wi-daehan Hyeong-myeong-ro-seon-i-myeo U-ri Hyeong-myeong-ui Baek-jeon-baek-seung-ui Gi-chi-i-da (Pyongyang: Chosun Rodongdang Chul-pan-sa, 2003), 1.Google Scholar
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    Yuehan Helinsi (John M. Collins), Dazhanlue (Beijing: Zhongguo Renmin Jiefangjun Junshi Kexueyuan, 1978), 22.Google Scholar

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© Carla P. Freeman 2015

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  • Li Yongchun

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