Advertisement

Abstract

In the years following the May Fourth Movement (1919), Confucianism was attacked and marginalized. After 1949, the CCP tried to stamp out the influence of Confucianism from Chinese culture, denouncing it as “feudal” and reactionary. Confucianism and Confucian studies all but disappeared from mainland China. Since the mid-1980s, mainland China has witnessed the most sustained resurgence of academic and intellectual interest in Confucianism. By the mid-1990s, this revival was sometimes referred to as “Confucian fever,” just as the “culture fever” (wenhua re) had burned a decade ago.1 Mou Zongsan and Cai Renhou, two eminent Confucians, call for a new sociopolitical and moral-cultural order based on the Confucian Orthodoxy (daotong), a democratic system (zhengtong), a scientific epistemology, and academic autonomy (xuetong).2

Keywords

Liberal Democracy Chinese Scholar Liberal Scholar Confucian Tradition Chinese Intellectual 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Notes

  1. 1.
    John Makeham, Lost Soul: “Confucianism” in Contemporary Chinese Academic Discourse (Cambridge: The Harvard University Asia Center, 2008), 1.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Mu Zongsan, Daode de lixianzhuyi [Moral Idealism] (Taipei: Xuesheng shuju, 1985).Google Scholar
  3. 4.
    Ma Licheng, Dangdai zhongguo bazhong shehui sichao [Contemporary Chinese Social Thought] (Beijing: Shehui kexue wenxian chubanshe, 2012).Google Scholar
  4. 5.
    Roderick MacFarquhar, “The Post-Confucian Challenge,” in Korea: Past, Present and Future (Queenstown, MD: Aspen Institute for Humanistic Studies, 1985), 68.Google Scholar
  5. 6.
    Herman Kahn, World Economic Development: 1979 and Beyond (Boulder: Westview Press, 1979), 122.Google Scholar
  6. 7.
    Yun-han Chu, “Sources of Regime Legitimacy and the Debate over the Chinese Model,” ABS Working Paper Series, no. 52 (2011): 22.Google Scholar
  7. 11.
    Fang Keli, Xiandai xinruxue yu zhongguo xiandaihua [New Confucianism and Chinese Modernization], (Tianjin: Renmin chubanshe, 1997), 453.Google Scholar
  8. 13.
    Song Xianlin, “Reconstructing the Confucian Ideal in 19SGs China: The ‘Culture Craze’ and New Confucianism,” in John Makeham, ed., New Confucianism: A Critical Examination (New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2GG3), 81–104.Google Scholar
  9. 15.
    Fang Keli, “Lüelun jiushi niandai de wenhua baoshou zhuyi sichao,” [A Brief Discussion of the Cultural Conservative Trend of the Nineties] in Sha Jiansun and Gong Shuduo, eds., Zou shenmelu: yu zhongguo jinxiandai lishi shang de ruogan zhongda shifeiwenti (Jinan: Shandong renmin chubanshe, 1997), 157–61.Google Scholar
  10. 16.
    Cai Fanglu, “Ruexue yu makesizhuyi de qihechu jiqi zai dangdai xinwenhua zhong de weizhi” [The Points Confucianism Shares in Common with Marxism and Its Place in the Contemporary New Culture], Jiangxi shehuikexue, no. 1 (1993): 6–10.Google Scholar
  11. 21.
    Yao Zhongqiu, Muhuaxia zhili zhisushi: Tiansia [A History of the Order of Chinese Governance: Tianxia], (Haikou: Hainan Chubanshe, 2012).Google Scholar
  12. 22.
    Jiang Qing, “Debating with My Critics,” in Jiang Qing, ed., A Confucian Constitutional Order: How China’s Ancient Past Can Shape Its Political Future (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2012), 196.Google Scholar
  13. 25.
    Xu Youyu, “Ziyouzhuyi yu dangdai zhongguo,” [Liberalism and Contemporary China] in Li Shitao, ed., Zhishifenzi de lichang [Positions of the Intellectuals], (Changchun: Shidai Guofan Jianlun, 2000), 415.Google Scholar
  14. 26.
    Peter Moody, Conservative Thought in Contemporary China (Lanham: Lexington Books, 2007), 87.Google Scholar
  15. 32.
    Jiang Qing and Daniel A. Bell, “A Confucian Constitution for China,” New York Times, 10 July 2012, A25.Google Scholar
  16. 33.
    Kang Xiaoguang, “Confucianization: A Future in the Tradition,” Social Research, 73, no. 1 (Spring 2006): 77.Google Scholar
  17. 34.
    Kang Xiaoguang, “Political Development and Political Stability in the Era of Reform,” The Chinese Economy, 35, no. 5 (September-October 2002): 83–6.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 37.
    Ruiping Fan, “Jiang Qing on Equality,” in Ruiping Fan, ed., The Renaissance of Confucianism in Contemporary China (New York: Springer, 2011), 55–6.Google Scholar
  19. 38.
    Daniel A. Bell, “Introduction,” in Jiang Qing, A Confucian Constitutional Order: How China’s Ancient Past Can Shape Its Political Future (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2012), 17.Google Scholar
  20. 39.
    Zhou Lian, “The Debates in Contemporary Chinese Political Thought,” in Fred Dallmayr and Zhao Tingyang, eds., Contemporary Chinese Political Thought, Debates and Perspectives (Lexington, KY: University Press of Kentucky, 2012), 35.Google Scholar
  21. 42.
    Yi Quan, “Xin gaige gongshi buneng zou rujia shehuizhuyi daolu” [The New Reform Consensus Cannot Lead to Confucian Socialism], Gaige neican [Internal Information on Reform], no. 16 (2006): 43–5.Google Scholar
  22. 44.
    Joseph Chan, “Political Meritocracy and Meritorious Rule: A Confucian Perspective,” in., Daniel A. Bell and Chenyang Li, eds., The East Asian Challenge for Democracy: Political Meritocracy in Comparative Perspective (New York: Cambridge University Press, 2013), 31–54.Google Scholar
  23. 45.
    Zhou Qing and Zhuang Youming, “Xinjiapo xiandaihua dianjiren de zhiguo lilun” [Theories of Governance of the Pioneers in Singapore’s Modernization], Dongnanya yanjiu [Study of Southeast Asia], no. 5–6 (1993): 58–63.Google Scholar
  24. 47.
    Jiawen Ai, “Selecting the Refined and Discarding the Dross: The Post-1990 Chinese Leadership’s Attitude Towards Cultural Tradition,” in Patrick Daly and Tim Winter, eds., Routledge Handbook of Heritage in Asia (London: Routledge, 2012), 132.Google Scholar
  25. 50.
    Rey-Ching Lu, Chinese Democracy and Elite Thinking (New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2011), x.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 51.
    Francis Fukuyama, “Confucianism and Democracy,” Journal of Democracy, 6, no. 2 (April 1995): 24–5.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 52.
    Samuel Huntington, “Will More Countries Become Democratic?” Political Science Quarterly, 99, no. 2 (1984): 208.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 53.
    Baogang He, “Four Models of the Relationship between Confucianism and Democracy,” Journal of Chinese Philosophy, 37, no. 1 (March 2010): 18–33.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 54.
    Shaohua Hu, “Confucianism and Western Democracy,” Journal of Contemporary China, 6, no. 15 (July 1997): 347.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 56.
    Ching Kwan Lee, Against the Law: Labor Protest in China’s Rustbelt and Sunbelt (Berkeley: University of California Press, 2007).Google Scholar
  31. 57.
    Daniel A. Bell, China’s New Confucianism: Politics and Everyday Life in a Changing Society, rev. ed. (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2010), 12.Google Scholar
  32. 59.
    Daniel A. Bell, China’s New Confucianism: Politics and Everyday Life in a Changing Society (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2008), 188.Google Scholar
  33. 61.
    Qin Hui, Chuantong shi lun [Ten Essays on Tradition] (Shanghai: Fudandaxue chubanshe, 2003).Google Scholar
  34. 65.
    Tu Wei-ming, Way, Learning, and Politics: Essays on the Confucian Intellectuals (Albany: State University of New York, 1993), 158.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© He Li 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • He Li
    • 1
  1. 1.Merrimack CollegeUSA

Personalised recommendations