In the years following the May Fourth Movement (1919), Confucianism was attacked and marginalized. After 1949, the CCP tried to stamp out the influence of Confucianism from Chinese culture, denouncing it as “feudal” and reactionary. Confucianism and Confucian studies all but disappeared from mainland China. Since the mid-1980s, mainland China has witnessed the most sustained resurgence of academic and intellectual interest in Confucianism. By the mid-1990s, this revival was sometimes referred to as “Confucian fever,” just as the “culture fever” (wenhua re) had burned a decade ago.1 Mou Zongsan and Cai Renhou, two eminent Confucians, call for a new sociopolitical and moral-cultural order based on the Confucian Orthodoxy (daotong), a democratic system (zhengtong), a scientific epistemology, and academic autonomy (xuetong).2


Liberal Democracy Chinese Scholar Liberal Scholar Confucian Tradition Chinese Intellectual 
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© He Li 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • He Li
    • 1
  1. 1.Merrimack CollegeUSA

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