Advertisement

Neo-authoritarianism

Chapter
Part of the Politics and Development of Contemporary China book series (PDCC)

Abstract

Neo-authoritarianism is a subject of hot debate among Chinese scholars in the late 1980s and has been quietly endorsed by the CCP. Neoauthoritarianism refers to an enlightened autocracy: a strong leader adopts undemocratic measures to enforce economic development. Law and order are maintained, according to the will of the ruler, as crucial conditions for modernization. This political blueprint has been in part justified by the economic miracles of the “Four Asian Tigers,” namely Taiwan, Hong Kong, South Korea, and Singapore. Some Chinese scholars argue that neo-authoritarianism is a necessary stage as China transits from a traditional autocracy to liberal democracy.1 The discourse on neo-authoritarianism died down at the turn of the century, but has resurfaced since Xi Jinping assumed the leadership of the CCP in 2012. The first section of this chapter examines the theoretical roots of neo-authoritarianism. The second section discusses the debates among Chinese scholars on neo-authoritarianism, and then it explains the transition from neo-authoritarianism to neo-conservatism. The last section of this chapter explores relationship between neoauthoritarianism and official ideology and its impacts on political changes.

Keywords

Economic Reform Liberal Democracy Chinese Scholar Political Stability Political Thought 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Notes

  1. 1.
    Wu Jiaxiang, “The Study Scheme for Neo-Authoritarianism,” in Liu Jun and Li Lin, eds., Neo-Authoritarianism: The Debate about Theoretical Guidance of Reform (Beijing: Beijing Economics Institute Press, 1989), 52–60.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Barry Sautman, “Sirens of the Strongman: Neo-Authoritarianism in Recent Chinese Political Theory,” China Quarterly, 129 (March 1992): 72–102.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 4.
    Deng Ziqiang, “Concerning Controversial Views on Neo-authoritarianism,” in Michel Oksenberg, Lawrence R. Sullivan, and Marc Lambert, eds., Beijing Spring, 1989: Confrontation and Conflict: The Basic Documents (Armonk, NY: Sharpe, 1990), 126–27.Google Scholar
  4. 6.
    Samuel Huntington, Political Order in Changing Societies (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1968), 7–8.Google Scholar
  5. 7.
    Michael J. Sullivan, “The Impact of Western Political Thought in Chinese Political Discourse on Transitions from Leninism, 1986–1992,” World Affairs, 157, no. 2 (Fall 1994): 79–91.Google Scholar
  6. 10.
    Shu Yun Ma “The Rise and Fall of Neo-Authoritarianism in China,” China Information, 5, no. 3 (Winter 1990–1991): 4.Google Scholar
  7. 12.
    Samuel Huntington, “The Change to Change,” Comparative Politics, 3 (1971): 283–322.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 13.
    David Shambaugh, China’s Communist Party: Atrophy & Adaptation; American and European Relations with China (Washington, DC: Woodrow Wilson Center Press, 2008), 93.Google Scholar
  9. 15.
    Alan Dupont, “Is There an ‘Asian Way,’” Survival, 38, no. 2 (1996): 13–33.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 16.
    Tsai Wen-hui, “New Authoritarianism, Neo-Conservatism and Anti-Peaceful Evolution: Mainland China’s Resistance to Political Modernization,” Issues & Studies, 28, no. 12 (December 1992): 5.Google Scholar
  11. 17.
    Andre Laliberte and Marc Lanteigne, The Chinese Party-State in the 21st Century: Adaptation and the Reinvention (New York: Routledge, 2008), 147.Google Scholar
  12. 18.
    Yan Bofei, “Abandon Utopianism,” Dushu, 2 (1989): 6.Google Scholar
  13. 21.
    Xiao Gongqin and Zhu Wei, “New Authoritarianism: A Painful Dilemma,” Wenhui Bao, 17 January 1989.Google Scholar
  14. 23.
    Liu Qingfeng, “The Topography of Intellectual Culture in 1990s Mainland China: A Survey,” in Gloria Davies, ed., Voicing Concerns: Contemporary Chinese Critical Inquiry (Lanham, MD: Rowman and Littlefield, 2001), 62.Google Scholar
  15. 26.
    Qin Xiaoying, “Escaping from a Historical Cycle,” Chinese Sociology and Anthropology, 23, no. 4 (Summer 1991): 7–30.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 28.
    Michael Twohey, Authority and Welfare in China: Modern Debates in Historical Perspective (New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1999), 156–57.Google Scholar
  17. 30.
    Barrett L. McCormick and David Kelly, “Limits of Anti-Liberalism,” Journal of Asian Studies, 53, no. 3 (1994): 821.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 31.
    Liu Jun and Li Lin, eds., Xinquanweizhuyi [Neo Authoritarianism] (Beijing: Jingjixueyuan chubanshe, 1989).Google Scholar
  19. 34.
    Michael J. Sullivan, “The Impact of Western Political Thought in Chinese Political Discourse on Transitions from Leninism, 1986–1992,” World Affairs, 157, no. 2 (Fall 1994): 79–91.Google Scholar
  20. 35.
    David Kelly, “China: Major Ideological Trends of 1995,” in Joseph Y.S. Cheng, ed., China in the Post-Deng Era (Hong Kong: The Chinese University Press, 1998), 70.Google Scholar
  21. 39.
    Yu Xunda and Xu Siqin, eds., Minzhu, minzhuhua yu zhilijixiao [Democracy, Democratization, and Governance Effect] (Hangzhou: Zhejiang University Press, 2011), 117–53.Google Scholar
  22. 40.
    Andrew J. Nathan, “China’s Political Trajectory: What Are the Chinese Saying?” in Cheng Li, ed., China’s Changing Political Landscape (Washington, DC: Brookings Institution, 2008), 25.Google Scholar
  23. 43.
    John Makeham, Lost Soul: “Confucianism” in Contemporary Chinese Academic Discourse (Cambridge: The Harvard University Asia Center, 2008), 197.Google Scholar
  24. 44.
    Tang Liang, Is Democratisation in China Possible? The Authoritarian Path to Development (New York: Routledge, 2014).Google Scholar
  25. 45.
    Chris Buckley, “Xi, in ‘Godfather’ Mold, Looks Assertive and Even Imperial,” New York Time, 15 November 2013.Google Scholar
  26. 48.
    Zhang Weiwei, Zhongguo zhenhan: Yige “wenmingxing guojia” de jueqi (Beijing: Shiji chubanshe, 2011), 55.Google Scholar
  27. 49.
    William A. Callahan, China Dreams: 20 Visions of the Future (New York: Oxford University Press, 2013), 149.Google Scholar
  28. 52.
    Liu Junning, Baoshou zhuyi (Conservatism) (Beijing: Zhongguo shehui kexue chubanshe, 1998), 9.Google Scholar
  29. 54.
    Gan Yang and Xudong Zhang, “Critique of Chinese Conservatism in the 1990s,” Social Text, 16, no. 2 (Summer, 1998): 46.Google Scholar
  30. 57.
    Yang Zhong, “Legitimacy Crisis and Legitimation in China,” Journal of Contemporary Asia, 26, no. 2 (1996): 215.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 58.
    Yu Keping, Democracy Is a Good Thing: Essays on Politics, Society, and Culture in Contemporary China (Washington, DC: Brookings Institution Press, 2008), 4.Google Scholar
  32. 59.
    Yongnian Zheng, “Development and Democracy: Are they Compatible in China?” Political Science Quarterly, 109, no. 2 (1994): 248.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 61.
    Li Zehou and Liu Zaifu, Gaobie geming: huiwang ershi shiji zhongguo [Farewell to Revolution: Looking Back Upon China of the Twentieth Century] (Hong Kong: Tiandi tushu youxian gongsi, 1995), 55.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© He Li 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • He Li
    • 1
  1. 1.Merrimack CollegeUSA

Personalised recommendations