Conclusion: Fragmentation and Consensus

Part of the Politics and Development of Contemporary China book series (PDCC)


The Chinese reform since 1978 has been ranking as one of the most extraordinary episodes of social and economic transformation in history: industrialization, marketization, urbanization, and globalization, all occurring at the same time. Chinese intellectuals used to be tiny, highly educated elites. By quadrupling its output of college graduates in the past decade, China now produces eight million graduates a year from universities and community colleges. By the end of this decade, China expects to have nearly 195 million community college and university graduates, compared with no more than 120 million in the United States then.1 Rapid economic growth has also created a burgeoning middle class.


Chinese Scholar Party Leadership Political Reform Public Intellectual Intellectual Life 
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Copyright information

© He Li 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • He Li
    • 1
  1. 1.Merrimack CollegeUSA

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