Advertisement

Thai Buddhists’ Encounters with International Relief Work in Post-tsunami Thailand

  • Monica Lindberg Falk
Part of the Contemporary Anthropology of Religion book series (CAR)

Abstract

On December 26, 2004, six provinces in southern Thailand were hit by the tsunami that swept throughout the region; 29 subdistricts and 69 villages were affected. The tsunami was a unique catastrophe: it affected Thai people from several ethnic groups, illegal immigrants from neighboring countries, poor people from other parts of Thailand, affluent tourists from many countries abroad, and people of all ages. The population in the coastal areas was multiethnic, and many of those who were directly affected by the tsunami were poor fishing families and migrant workers. Some Thai coastal villages were totally destroyed, and many of those who survived lost their homes, families, friends, and neighbors. A large number of children lost their parents. The catastrophe changed the lives of more than 50,000 people. According to the Thai government’s official statistics, there were 8,327 dead or missing and about 8,500 people injured. There are still hundreds of people missing. These figures do not include many migrant workers from other countries who worked in Thailand without proper documents and died in the tsunami. Oxfam reported that more women than men died in the disaster. Among the Thai who died, 54.8 percent were female and 45.2 percent were male.1

Keywords

Migrant Worker Disaster Relief Relief Work Relief Operation Temporary Shelter 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Works Cited

  1. De Silva, Padmal. 2006. “The Tsunami and Its Aftermath in Sri Lanka: Explorations of a Buddhist Perspective.” International Review of Psychiatry 18 (3): 281–87.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Falk, Monica Lindberg. 2010. “Recovery and Buddhist Practices in the Aftermath of the Tsunami in Southern Thailand.” Religion (Special Issue: Religions, Natural Hazards, and Disasters) 40 (2): 96–103.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Fischer, Henry W. 1998. Response to Disaster: Fact versus Fiction and Its Perpetuation—The Sociology of Disaster, 2nd edition. Lanham, MD: University Press of America.Google Scholar
  4. Heikkilä-Horn, Marja-Leena. 2003. “Small Is Beautiful in Asoke Villages.” In Insights into Santi Asoke, edited by Marja-Leena Heikkilä-Horn and Rassamee Krisanamis, 25–62. Bangkok: Fah-apai.Google Scholar
  5. Hoffman, Susanna M. 1999. “After Atlas Shrugs: Cultural Change or Persistence after a Disaster.” In The Angry Earth: Disaster in Anthropologocial Perspective, edited by Anthony Oliver-Smith and Susanna M. Hoffman, 302–25. New York and London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  6. Human Rights Center, University of California Berkeley, and East-West Center. 2005. After the Tsunami: Human Rights of Vulnerable Populations. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.Google Scholar
  7. Oliver-Smith, Anthony. 1979. “The Crisis Dyad: Culture and Meaning in Medicine.” In Nourishing the Humanistic: Essays in the Dialogue between the Social Sciences and Medicine, edited by William R. Rogers and David Bernard, 73–93. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press.Google Scholar
  8. Oliver-Smith, Anthony. 1996. “Anthropological Research on Hazards and Disasters.” Annual Review of Anthropology 25: 303–28.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Oliver-Smith, Anthony. 1999. “’What Is a Disaster?’ Anthropological Perspectives on a Persistent Question.” In The Angry Earth: Disaster in Anthropologocial Perspective, edited by Anthony Oliver-Smith and Susanna M. Hoffman, 18–34. New York and London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  10. Oliver-Smith, Anthony and Susanna M. Hoffman, eds. 1999. The Angry Earth: Disaster in Anthropological Perspective. New York and London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  11. Oliver-Smith, Anthony. 2002. “Introduction: Why Anthropologists Should Study Disasters.” In Catastrophe and Culture: The Anthropology ofDisaster, edited by Susanna M. Hoffman and Anthony Oliver-Smith, 3–22. Santa Fe: School of American Research Press.Google Scholar
  12. Oxfam, 2005. “The Tsunami’s Impact on Women.” OXFAM Briefing Note (March 2005).Google Scholar
  13. Pimolwan, Isalapakdee. 2006. “Tsunami: Deaths and Injuries in the Affected Areas.” Unpublished presentation at the 2nd Annual Conference of Population and Social Research, Asia Hotel, Bangkok. Organized by Research Institute of Population and Social Research, Mahidol University (in Thai.)Google Scholar
  14. UNDP/World Bank, 2005. “Tsunami Thailand: One Year Later: National Response and the Contribution of International Partners.” Bangkok.Google Scholar
  15. Wilson, John P. 1989. Trauma, Transformation, and Healing: An Integrative Approach to Theory, Research, and Post-traumatic Therapy. New York: Brunner/Mazel.Google Scholar
  16. Wisner, Ben. 2010. “Untapped Potential of the World’s Religious Communities for Disaster Reduction in an Age of Accelerated Climate Change: An Epilogue and Prologue.” Religion (Special Issue: Religions, Natural Hazards, and Disasters) 40 (2): 128–31.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Hiroko Kawanami and Geoffrey Samuel 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Monica Lindberg Falk

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations