China and the Vatican, 1979-Present

  • Cindy Yik-yi Chu


While China opened up to the world in 1979, presenting many opportunities for new diplomatic relationships, the establishment of constructive Sino-Vatican diplomatic relations, as the chapters in this part will recount, has been a very thorny matter. The main stumbling blocks—Beijing’s appointment of bishops without the Vatican’s approval and the simultaneous presence of both the open Church and the underground Church in China—have placed strains on Sino-Vatican diplomatic relations.


Chinese People Chinese Communist Party Chinese History Chinese Leader Papal Document 
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© Cindy Yik-yi Chu 2014

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  • Cindy Yik-yi Chu

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