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Out of the Ashes: Remembrance and Reconstruction in Catholic Shanxi, 1900-Present

  • Anthony E. Clark

Abstract

Summer 1900. When the Sino-Western conflicts of the Boxer Uprising had reached their climax in 1900, the Shanxi Confucian, Liu Dapeng, penned a vivid account of the turbulence around his studio. In his Casual Notes from within the Garden (Qianyuan suoji), Liu described the theatrical ceremonies at Jinci Temple, where Boxers summoned the gods to possess their bodies and render them invulnerable:

Suddenly they raised their gaze and then dropped to the ground as if they were in a sound sleep. Before long their hands and feet began to undulate. They stood erect and danced around with a fierce expression, their eyes shut so tightly they could not be opened. Then they made fists and claws with their hands, leaping and rushing around.1

Keywords

Shanxi Province Catholic Church Catholic Bishop Beijing Review Catholic Population 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Notes

  1. 1.
    Liu Dapeng, Qianyuan suoji (Casual Notes from Within the Garden), in Yihetuan zai Shanxi diqu shiliao (Historical Sources on Boxers in Shanxi), ed. Qiao Zhiqiang (Taiyuan: Shanxi Renmin Chubanshe, 1980), p. 28.Google Scholar
  2. 3.
    Barnabas Nanetti da Cologna, OFM, Nel Settentrionale San-si: Diario (Florence: Ufficio della Rassegna Nazionale, 1903), p. 3.Google Scholar
  3. 7.
    Li Di (also known as Li Wenyu), Quanhuoji (Record of the Boxer Calamities) (Shanghai: Shanghai Tuwan Yinshuguan, 1909), p. 339.Google Scholar
  4. 8.
    Giavanni Ricci, OFM, Avec les Boxeurs Chinois (Brive: Édition “Écho des Grottes,” 1949), p. 14.Google Scholar
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    For Menegon’s description of a localized Chinese Christianity, see Eugenio Menegon, Ancestors, Virgins, & Friars: Christianity as a Local Religion in Late Imperial China (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2009), especially his introduction, pp. 1–16.Google Scholar
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    The Eight Allied Nation alliance that relieved Beijing in August 1900 included Italy, Japan, Austria-Hungary, Russia, Germany, the United Kingdom, the United States, and France. The nation with the reputation for the worst looting and atrocious acts of retribution is, perhaps, Germany. For a highly readable account of the relief of Beijing, see David J. Silby, The Boxer Rebellion and the Great Game in China (New York: Hill and Wang, 2012), especially chapter 8.Google Scholar
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    Zhang De and Jia Lili, Taiyuan shihua (A History of Taiyuan) (Taiyuan: Shanxi Renmin Chubanshe, 2000), p. 163.Google Scholar
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    Shen Tun-ho (Shen Dunhe), Recollections of a Chinese Official: With Some Sidelights on Recent History (Shanghai: North-China Herald, 1903), p. 20.Google Scholar
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    Diocese of Taiyuan, Shanxi Tianzhujiao zhi rongguan (The Glorious Crown of the Catholic Church in Shanxi) (Taiyuan, Shanxi: Shanxi Taiyuan Jiaoqu, 1946). Commemoration of the Shanxi martyrs of the Boxer Uprising can also be found in Hong Kong, where they are depicted in a stained glass window in the Chinese Martyrs Chapel of the Cathedral of the Immaculate Conception.Google Scholar
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    Li Yuzhang and Li Yuming, Shanxisheng Taiyuanshi Tianzhujiao baizhounian tekan (One Hundred Years of Shanxi Province Taiyuan Catholicism Commemorative Issue) (Taiyuan: Budefanyin, 2006), p. 41.Google Scholar
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    Giovanni Ricci, OFM, Vicariatus Taiyuanfu seu Brevid Historia: Antiquæ Franciscanæ Missionis Shansi et Shensi (Beijing: Et Typographia Congregationis Missionis, 1929), p. 121.Google Scholar
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    Ibid., p. 31. For an account of Bishop Eugenio Massi’s missionary work at Shaanxi’s Tongzhou vicariate, see Pietro Moretti, OFM, Su le Rive del Fiumo Giallo: Storia di una Missione Franciscana in Cina (Falconara: Biblioteca Franciscana, 1955).Google Scholar
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    Pascal M. d’Elia, SJ, Catholic Native Episcopacy in China (Shanghai: T’usewei Printing Press, 1927), p. 87.Google Scholar
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    William Hinton, Fanshen: A Documentary of Revolution in a Chinese Village (New York: Vintage Book, 1966) and Shenfan (New York: Random House, 1983).Google Scholar
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    William Hinton, Shenfan (New York: Random House, 1983), p. 281.Google Scholar
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    See Gretta Palmer, God’s Underground in Asia (New York: Appleton-Century-Crofts, 1953), p. 89.Google Scholar
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    For a reproduction of this banner, see Zhonghua xundao shengren zhuanlue (Concise Biography of the Martyr Saints of China), ed. Jiuba bianji weiyuanhui (Taipei [Taibei]: Zhongguo Luoma Tianzhujiao, 2000), p. v.Google Scholar
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    Fortunato Margiotti, OFM, Il cattolicismo nello Shansi dalle origini al 1738 (Rome: Edizioni “Sinica Franciscana,” 1958), p. 609.Google Scholar
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    Giovanni Ricci, OFM, Franciscan Martyrs of the Boxer Rising: The Authentic Account of the Sufferings and Death of Some of the Victims of the Boxer Rising, China, 1900 (Dublin: Franciscan Missionary Union, 1932), p. 78.Google Scholar
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    See Henrietta Harrison, “Global Modernity, Local Community, and Spiritual Power in the Shanxi Catholic Church,” in Religion in Contemporary China: Revitalization and Innovation, ed. Adam Yuet Chau (London: Routledge, 2011).Google Scholar
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    Archivio Generale dei Frati Minori (AGOFM) report from Bishop Gregorio Grassi, OFM, April 30, 1897. For other statistics regarding the Franciscan mission in Shanxi around this time, see Arnulf Camps, OFM, and Pat McCoskey, OFM, The Friars Minor in China: 1294–1955, Especially the Years 1925–55 (New York: Franciscan Institute, 1995), p. 27.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Cindy Yik-yi Chu 2014

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  • Anthony E. Clark

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