Global Democratic Futures: The Clash of Democratizations
The emerging order represents a dream come true for the West. The global spread of democracy opens unprecedented opportunities for the expansion of peace, cooperation, prosperity, and freedom. However, as the democratic community expands and prospers, frictions are likely to develop within it.1 Conflicts between established democracies will occur, as during the Iraq War and the Euro crisis. However, these conflicts will be contained at manageable levels, and will not undermine the democratic critical mass. As a result, pressures for democratization will continue. As the balance between established and emerging democracies shifts, conflicts between them will become important as emerging democracies seek the power and moral status associated with the democratic fraternity. Rather than the global spread of democracy representing the “triumph of the West,” a post-Western future for democracy will generate a distinctive type of inter-democratic politics—a “clash of democratizations.” History has in a sense ended with the global ideological triumph of Western liberalism, but no good story finishes without a twist. The twist at the end of history is that the clash of democratizations will come to define world politics.
KeywordsSecurity Council European Central Bank Democratic State Western Democracy Global Spread
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