The Energy Security of Japan after Fukushima 3/11

  • Frank Umbach
Part of the Energy, Climate and the Environment book series (ECE)


Energy (supply) security has always been a major security concern of Japanese governments, both before and after WWII. Securing access to raw materials and oil, for instance, drove Japan into WWII. As the third-largest economy in the world, the fourth-largest energy consumer, the third-largest oil consumer and importer, the second-largest coal importer as well as the world’s largest LNG importer (already before the Fukushima nuclear catastrophe in 2011), Japan’s lack of domestic energy resources, has determined the country’s energy policies domestically as well as driving its energy foreign policies abroad. The expansion of nuclear power since the oil crisis in 1973–74 is the result of Japan’s heavy dependence for oil and LNG from the Middle East, which accounts for almost 90 percent of its imports.


International Atomic Energy Agency Energy Policy Japanese Government Nuclear Plant Energy Security 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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© Frank Umbach 2014

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  • Frank Umbach

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