China’s Foreign Aid and International Aid Community: From the Perspectives of Traditional Donors and Africa
China’s remarkable achievements in economic growth and poverty reduction, as well as the deepening of its partnerships with African countries have raised interest and strong concern among the ‘traditional donors’, particularly among the bilateral donor agencies in Europe and the US. There are marked differences between China and traditional donors with respect to their aid philosophy, and the forms and conditions for foreign aid. It is often said that China pays little attention to the framework and rules of development assistance established by the traditional donors in the west. More importantly, these deviations in Chinese foreign aid are prominent in Africa, the region to which traditional donors have donated massive amounts of development assistance. On the other hand, China’s growing presence in the international aid community provides an opportunity for broadening policy space for development strategies in the developing countries. This is particularly so in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), where western donors have exerted strong influence not only on aid volumes but also on the content of development strategies. New opportunities are emerging for developing countries to formulate and implement development strategies, and to exercise genuine policy ownership.
KeywordsAsian Development Bank Development Assistance Committee Ethiopian Government Concessional Loan World Trade Organization Accession
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- (The) Advisory Board for Irish Aid (2008). ‘Good Governance, Aid Modalities and Poverty Reduction: From Better Theory to Better Practice’. Final Synthesis Report. Research Project (RP-05-GG). Available at: www.odi.org.uk/sites/odi.org.uk/files/odi-assets/publications-opinion-files/2265.pdf.
- Brautigam, D. (2009). The Dragon’s Gift: The Real Story of China in Africa. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
- China-DAC Study Group (2009). Development Partnerships for Growth and Poverty Reduction. Conference Report held 28—29 October. Beijing.Google Scholar
- China-DAC Study Group (2011). ‘Economic Transformation and Poverty Reduction: Main Findings’. Report presented to a Policy Symposium, 8 June. Beijing.Google Scholar
- DFID (Department for International Development) (2004). ‘Poverty Reduction Budget Support’. DFID Policy Paper. London: DFID.Google Scholar
- Helleiner, K. G., T. Killick, N. Lipumba, B. J. Ndulu, and K. E. Svendsen (1995). Report of the Group of Independent Advisers on Development Cooperation Issues between Tanzania and its Aid Donors (Royal Danish Ministry of Foreign Affairs).Google Scholar
- IDA (International Development Association) (2008). Aid Architecture: An Overview of the Main Trends in Official Development Assistance Flows. Washington, DC: The World Bank Group, Concessional Finance and Global Partnership Vice Presidency.Google Scholar
- Lim, W. (2011). ‘Korea’s Development Cooperation Agenda: Toward an Integrated Knowledge-Intensive Approach’. Presented at the international symposium on Styles of Foreign Assistance, 27—28 May. Seoul.Google Scholar
- Mosley, P., and M. J. Eeckhout (2000). ‘From Project Aid to Programme Assistance’. In F. Tarp (ed.), Foreign Aid and Development — Lessons Learnt and Directions for the Future. New York and London: Routledge, pp.131-53.Google Scholar
- OECD (Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development) (2005). Paris Declaration on Aid Effectiveness: Ownership, Harmonisation, Alignment, Results and Mutual Accountability. Outcome of the 2nd High Level Forum on Aid Effectiveness, 28 February—2 March. Paris: OECD. Available at: www.oecd.org/development/effectiveness/34428351.pdf. Accessed 20 Feb. 2013.Google Scholar
- OECD (2008). Accra Agenda for Action. Outcome of the 3rd High Level Forum on Aid Effectiveness, 2—4 September. Accra. Available at: www.oecd.org/development/effectiveness/34428351.pdf. Accessed 20 Feb. 2013.
- OECD (2011). Busan Partnership for Effective Development Cooperation. Outcome of the 4th High Level Forum on Aid Effectiveness, 29 November—1 December. Busan. Available at: www.oecd.org/dac/effectiveness/49650173.pdf. Accessed 20 Feb. 2013.
- OECD-DAC (2011). Statistics on Resource Flows to Developing Countries. Available at: www.oecd.org/document/9/0,3746,en_2649_34447_1893129_1_1_1_1,00.html. Accessed 22 Dec. 2011.
References (in Japanese)
- Ohno, I. (2009). ‘Higashi Ajia-teki Hasso ni yoru Afurica Seicho Senryaku e no Koken’ (‘East Asian Perspectives of Development and Aid: Towards Japan’s Enhanced Contribution to African Growth Support’). Kokusai Kaihatsu Kenkyu (Journal of International Development Studies), 18(2): 129–42.Google Scholar
- Ohno, I. (2011). ‘Chugoku no Tai Afurika Kyoryoku to “Dento-teki Dona” no Ugoki’ (‘China’s Cooperation with Africa and Response of “Traditional Donors”’). Chugoku no Taigai Enjo (China’s Foreign Aid, Report by the Study Group on China’s Foreign Aid). Tokyo: JIIA, pp. 43–50.Google Scholar
- Ohno, I., and Y. Niiya (2005). ‘Enjo Modariti no Sentaku to Nihon no ODA Kaikaku’ (‘Choices of Aid Modalities and Japan’s ODA Reform’). Tokyo: GRIPS Development Forum.Google Scholar
- JICA-GRIPS (Japan International Cooperation Agency and National Graduate Institute for Policy Studies (2011). ‘Echiopia-koku Sangyo Seisaku Shien Taiwa ni kansuru Chosa’ (‘Final Report on Study on Industrial Policy Dialogue in the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia’. December.Google Scholar
- Shimomura, Y. (2011). ‘Dona to shite no Chugoku no Daito ga Motsu Imi — Kaihatsu Tojokoku, Kokusai Enjo Komyuniti, soshite Nihon ni totte no Kikai to Risuku’ (‘Meaning of China’s Growing Presence as a Donor — Opportunities and Risks for Developing Countries, the International Aid Community, and Japan’). Chugoku no Taigai Enjo (China’s Foreign Aid, Report by the Study Group on China’s Foreign Aid). Tokyo: JIIA, pp. 1–8.Google Scholar
- Takahashi, M. (2003). ‘Enjo Kyocho — Nihon no Tai Hinkon-koku Kyoryoku e no Toi’ (‘Aid Coordination — Questions About Japan’s Cooperation with Poor Countries’). IDCJ Forum, 23. Tokyo: International Development Center of Japan.Google Scholar
- Information Office of the State Council of the People’s Republic of China (2011). Chugoku no Taigai Enjo (China’s Foreign Aid). Beijing: Information Office of the State Council.Google Scholar