The Suppression and Recall of Colonial Memory: Manchukuo and the Cold War in the Two Koreas

  • Suk-Jung Han
Part of the Mass Dictatorship in the 20th Century book series (MASSD)


After liberation in 1945, a number of candidates in the general or gubernatorial elections in South Korea solemnly wrote on their election posters that they had spent their whole lives fighting for the liberation movement in Manchuria (the region which the PRC now calls ‘Northeast’, Dongbei) during the colonial period. Politicians in the 1950s and 1960s would claim they were exiled anti-Japanese fighters in Manchuria, just as those in the 1970s and 1980s posed as ex-ringleaders of the April 19 student movement that toppled the Syngman Rhee regime in 1960.


Liberal Democratic Party Japanese Imperialism South Korean Regime Gubernatorial Election Korean State 
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Additional Works Referenced

  1. James Ketelaar, Of Heretics and Martyrs in Meiji Japan: Buddhism and Its Persecution (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1990).Google Scholar
  2. Kim Man Sun, ‘Kwigukja’ [returnee], Hanguk kündaedanpyönsosöldaegye [the series of the modern Korean novels], vol. 4 (Seoul: Taehaksa, 1988).Google Scholar
  3. Minzhengbu of the Manchukuo government. 1940. Kangde qinian linshi guoshi: zaimanzhouguo erbenren diaochajieguobiao, quanguopian [the 1940 Manchukuo census: On Japanese, nationwide]. Xinjing, 1990.Google Scholar
  4. Suk-Jung Han, ‘The Problem of Sovereignty: Manchukuo, 1932–1937’, Positions: East Asia Cultures Critique vol. 12, no. 2 (2004), 457–78.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Suk-Jung Han, ‘Manju üi kiök’ [the memory of Manchuria]. Han-il yöndae 21 ed. Han-il yoksainsiknonjaeng üi metahistory [the meta-history of the debate of Korea-Japan historical consciousness] (Seoul: Puri wa ipari, 2008).Google Scholar

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© Suk-Jung Han 2014

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  • Suk-Jung Han

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