Over the past two decades, Russia and China have both experienced extensive socioeconomic and political transformation, as well as foreign policy reorientation. However, this transformation has not followed one pattern, but rather has taken two specific routes. In this book we have discussed these routes and provided arguments on why Russia and China have chosen such different paths for their post-communist transitions. We have discussed in some detail questions such as how have their strategies differed, and how have they been interrelated, at what junctures were the crucial choices made, how do their current systems resemble each other, and where do they differ? Perhaps even more importantly, we have outlined our understanding about what the strategic choices are that have yet to be made by Russia and China, what the alternatives are, how they are constructed and what the internal and external settings are which constrain the choices between different policy lines. Let us restate our starting points and summarise our findings here.
KeywordsForeign Policy Chinese Communist Party Soft Power Privatisation Process Capitalist Class
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