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The Free-Market State or the Welfare State?

  • Markku Kivinen
  • Li Chunling

Abstract

When Russia and China started their socioeconomic reforms, their starting points were institutionally rather similar. Both were one-party states. They had eliminated the private ownership of the means of production and classes based upon that. Their social policy was also built on the labour collective and state-provided welfare benefits for special groups. However, as far as their level of modernisation was concerned they were quite different. Russia was an industrialised and urbanised society, and China was still a predominantly agrarian society. These differences exist even today, as can be read, for instance, from the UNDP’s Human Development Report 2010 (Table 3.1), although the results of the comparison are no longer so unambiguous.

Keywords

Middle Class Welfare State Trade Union Social Security System Welfare Regime 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Notes

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© Markku Kivinen 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Markku Kivinen
  • Li Chunling

There are no affiliations available

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