Achievements, Limitations and Contradictions

  • Khoo Boo Teik
Part of the Developmental Pathways to Poverty Reduction book series (POD)


By October 2003, the time of Mahathir’s retirement from the position of Prime Minister — the rough end point of analysis adopted for this book — poverty as a national issue had shed much of the political tension and social urgency that had surrounded it in 1970 when the NEP acknowledged poverty to be a root cause of political instability, and declared its eradication ‘irrespective of race’ to be a principal objective of national development. There was ample reason for this. As a review of Malaysia’s performance vis-à-vis the Millennium Development Goals summarized it:

In just about 15 years from 1970, when half of all households were poor, Malaysia more than halved the incidence of absolute poverty. In another 15 years from the mid-1980s, Malaysia again more than halved the level of absolute poverty. By the early years of the new millennium (2002), just 5.1 per cent of households were poor. (UN Country Team, Malaysia 2005: 34)


Policy Regime Poverty Reduction Absolute Poverty Poverty Eradication Country Team 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Tan, Jeff. 2008. Privatization in Malaysia: Regulation, Rent-seeking and Policy Failure. Routledge, London and New York.Google Scholar
  2. United Nations Country Team, Malaysia., 2005. Malaysia: Achieving the Millennium Development Goals. Successes and Challenges. United Nations Development Programme, Kuala Lumpur.Google Scholar
  3. —. 2011. Malaysia: The Millennium Goals at2010. United Nations, Kuala LumpurGoogle Scholar
  4. UNRISD (United Nations Research Institute for Social Development). 2010. Combating Poverty and Inequality: Structural Change, Social Policy and Politics. UNRISD, Geneva.Google Scholar
  5. Yap, Sonny. 1976. ‘The Prodigal Who Made His Way Up.’ New Nation, 9 March.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© United Nations Research Institute for Social Development 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Khoo Boo Teik

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations