Organized Groups, Development Strategies and Social Policies

  • Francis Loh Kok Wah
Part of the Developmental Pathways to Poverty Reduction book series (POD)


This chapter examines the strategic interactions of organized groups and state actors in policy-making which have a bearing on development strategies, social policies and poverty. These organized groups include workers’ unions, organized business groups, non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and political parties. This chapter will investigate the institutional arrangements circumscribing the interactions of the organized groups with state actors. How these arrangements have evolved as a result of rapid growth will also be discussed. The impact of such organized groups on policy-making for social development matters will then be discussed. The final section discusses how the interests of unorganized groups of the poor are being represented and catered for by the political parties — especially those belonging to the Barisan Nasional (BN) — and NGOs.


Political Party Trade Union Migrant Worker Collective Bargaining Organize Group 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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© United Nations Research Institute for Social Development 2012

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  • Francis Loh Kok Wah

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