Welfare Regime, Social Protection and Poverty Reduction

  • Saidatulakmal Mohd
Part of the Developmental Pathways to Poverty Reduction book series (POD)


This chapter examines various policies and schemes of social protection, security and assistance, and innovative agricultural programmes, with an emphasis on their impacts upon poverty. The social security schemes include the pension scheme, Employees Provident Fund (EPF), Armed Forces Fund (AFF) and the Employer’s Liability Scheme. The main social insurance scheme to be discussed is the scheme provided by the Social Security Organization (SOCSO). The social assistance programmes are mostly those provided by the Department of Social Welfare (in the Ministry of Women, Family and Community Development). Detailed discussions of the programmes of social assistance are linked to the design of Malaysia’s welfare regime as well as its evolution to eradicate poverty. The discussions on the social security schemes focus on the adequacy of retirement benefits. This chapter also contains a section on reforms and structural changes to the social protection programmes to tackle the issues of poverty associated with inadequate income.


Gross Domestic Product Poverty Reduction Social Protection Social Assistance Pension Scheme 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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© United Nations Research Institute for Social Development 2012

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  • Saidatulakmal Mohd

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