U.S. Foreign Policy toward Bangladesh

Implications of the Rise of Islamist Terrorism
  • Shahab Enam Khan


In the wake of the 9/11 terrorist attacks on the United States, the threat of militant Islamist terrorism rooted in the Middle East and South Asia has taken center stage in U.S. foreign policy. While these violent religious extremists represent a minority view, their threat to the United States and its allies is real (Moore 2011). Since 9/11, understanding and keeping apace of the evolution of U.S. foreign policy constitutes an imperative task in understanding the international security landscape. Given recent events such as the U.S.—India nuclear treaty, the grant of $2.29 billion of U.S. aid to Pakistan, and failures in the Afghan reconstruction process and political development, South Asia has become one of the major foreign policy focal points of Barack Obama’s presidency. In this context, Bangladesh has become an important strategic partner for America because of its geostrategic location, relations with the major competing powers (China and India) in the Indian Ocean basin, and the spread of radical Islamist militancy.


Foreign Policy Terrorist Group Political Violence Extremist Group Muslim World 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Ahmed, Imtiaz. 2005. “On the Brink of Precipice: Contemporary Terrorism and the Limits of the State.” Paper presented at the Institute of Diploma Engineers, Kakrail, Dhaka, Bangladesh, November 30.Google Scholar
  2. Ahmed, Imtiaz. 2006. Understanding Terrorism in South Asia: Beyond Statist Discourse. Delhi: Manohar.Google Scholar
  3. Asia Foundation. 2008. Americas Role in Asia: Asian and American Views—Recommendations for U.S. Policy from Both Sides of the Pacific. Accessed June 5, 2011.
  4. Bangladesh Enterprise Institute. 2011. The State of Terrorism in Bangladesh 2009–2010 Dhaka. Accessed September 13, 2012. Scholar
  5. Brockho, Sarah, Tim Krieger, and Daniel Meierrieks. 2010. “The Education-Terrorism Nexus Revisited.” Accessed June 5, 2011. Scholar
  6. Chatterji, Rakhahari. 1994. “Religion, Politics and Communalism in South Asia: Historical and Comparative Perspectives.” In Religion, Politics and Communalism: The South Asian Experience, edited by Rakhahari Chatterji. New Delhi: South Asian Publishers.Google Scholar
  7. Chowdhury, Amrita. 2009. “Democratic Deficit in Bangladesh: A Cause for Concern.” Accessed June 5, 2011. Scholar
  8. Cohen, Stephen P. 2001. India: Emerging Power. New York: Brookings.Google Scholar
  9. Daily Star. 2005.“Government Finally Cracks Down on Militants.” Daily Star, February 24. Accessed June 5, 2011.
  10. Ghani, Ejaz. 2010. The Poor Half Billion in South Asia: What Is Holding Back Lagging Regions? Delhi: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  11. Gunaratna, Rohan. 2003. Inside Al-Qaeda. New York: Berkeley.Google Scholar
  12. Hashmi, Taj. 2011. “Synchronised Countrywide Bombing in Bangladesh: Prelude to an Islamic revolution?” New Age, August 24.Google Scholar
  13. Kabir, Humayun, and Shahab Enam Khan. 2010. Understanding the Threats from the Islamist Extremists in Bangladesh. New Delhi: Observer Research Foundation.Google Scholar
  14. Karim, Tariq A., and Christine Fair. 2011. “Bangladesh at the Crossroads.” United States Institute of Peace Special Report. Accessed June 5, 2011. Scholar
  15. Khan, Muqtedar. 2011. “Bangladesh: A Poor Muslim Democracy.” Accessed June 5, 2011. Scholar
  16. Khan, Shahab Enam. 2007. “Political Economy of Terrorism in Bangladesh.” Journal of International Relations 1:32–59.Google Scholar
  17. Khan, Shahab Enam. 2009. “Rohingya Refugees: Participations and Roles of the Civil Society Organization.” In The Plight of the Stateless Rohingyas: Responses of the State, Society and the International Community, edited by Imtiaz Ahmed, 21–35. Dhaka: University Press.Google Scholar
  18. Laqueur, Walter. 1987. The Age of Terrorism. Boston: Little Brown.Google Scholar
  19. Lodhi, Maleeha. 2001. “Security Challenges in South Asia.” Nonproliferation Review (Summer 2001): 118–24. Accessed June 5, 2011. Scholar
  20. Moore, John. 2011. “The Evolution of Islamic Terrorism: An Overview.” Accessed June 5, 2011. Scholar
  21. Odhikar. 2010. “Report on Bangladesh.” Odhikar Human Rights Report 2009. Accessed June 5, 2011.
  22. Office of the Press Secretary. 2011. “Remarks by the President on Osama Bin Laden.” May 2. Scholar
  23. Olson, Mancur. 1965. The Logic of Collective Action. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  24. Praikh, Sunita. 1998. “Religion, Reservations and Riots.” In Community Conflicts and the States in India, edited by Atul Kohli and Amrita Basu, 33–57. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  25. Press Trust of India. 2005. “Khaleda Denies Existence of Islamic Fundamentalists in Bangladesh.” March 16, 2005.Google Scholar
  26. Reeve, Simon. 1999. The New Jackals: Ramzi Yousef, Osama bin Laden, and the Future of Terrorism. Boston: Northeast University Press.Google Scholar
  27. Rekhi, Shefali. 2004. “Clerics’ Call to Terror.” Straits Times, October 21.Google Scholar
  28. Roberts, Adam. 2002. “The Changing Faces of Terrorism.” BBC, August 27. Accessed June 5, 2011. Scholar
  29. Rudolph, I. Lloyd, and Susan Hoeber Rudolph. 2008. Making U.S. Foreign Policy toward South Asia: Regional Imperatives and the Imperial Presidency. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.Google Scholar
  30. Rupesingbe, Kumar. 2009. “Developing a Cooperative Framework for Dealing with Terrorism.” In Terrorism in South Asia, 2nd ed., edited by Sridhar K. Khatri and Gert W. Kueck. Delhi: Shipra.Google Scholar
  31. Sarkesian, Sam C., John Allen Williams, and Stephen J. Cimbala. 2008. U.S. National Security: Policymakers, Processes and Politics. Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner.Google Scholar
  32. Secretary General of the United Nations. 2006. Uniting against Terrorism: Recommendations for a Global Counter-Terrorism Strategy: Report of the Secretary General. May 6. Accessed June 5, 2011. Scholar
  33. Simon, Sheldon. 2002. “Southeast Asia and the U.S. War on Terrorism.” NBR Analysis 4:37.Google Scholar
  34. Slaughter, Anne-Marie. 2007. The Idea That Is America: Keeping Faith with Our Values in a Dangerous World. New York: Basic Books.Google Scholar
  35. Sobhan, Farooq. 2006. “Bangladesh: Battling Terrorism.” In South Asia in the Global Community: Towards Greater Collaboration and Cooperation, edited by Hernaikh Singh, 101–19. Singapore: SAS-NUS.Google Scholar
  36. South Asia Terrorism Portal. 2011. Bangladesh Data Sheets. Accessed on June 3, 2011.
  37. Tullock, G. 1975. “The Transitional Gains Trap.” Bell Journal of Economics and Management Science 2:671–78.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. U.S. Department of State. 2006. Country Reports on Human Rights Practices. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of State. Accessed June 5, 2011. Scholar
  39. Tullock, G. 2009. “South and Central Asia Overview.” In Country Reports on Terrorism. Accessed June 5, 2011. Scholar
  40. Vaughn, Bruce. 2007. “Islamist Extremism in Bangladesh.” CRS Report for Congress, January 31. Accessed June 5, 2011. Scholar

Copyright information

© Bahram M. Rajaee and Mark J. Miller 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shahab Enam Khan

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations