Civilization and EU-Turkey Relations

  • Daniella Kuzmanovic
Part of the Palgrave Studies in Governance, Security, and Development book series (GSD)


Despite many hardships in the months leading up to the European Union (EU) summit in December 2004, when the EU agreed to open accession talks with Turkey, there were happy occasions to report for the Turkish press. One was the wedding of the daughter of the Turkish prime minister, Recep Tayyip Erdoğan. Thousands of guests, including leaders from both Muslim and Christian countries, attended the social occasion in Istanbul in mid-July. The variety of guests inspired the father of the bride to compare the wedding assembly to the multifaceted reality of his country. ‘The people at this ceremony reflect this country: They are from East and West, with their heads covered and uncovered,’ Erdoğan told NTV, a Turkish news channel. He then went on to describe the wedding as ‘a meeting of civilizations:’ As can be discerned, the wedding became a political event and served political purposes. More specifically, Erdoğan pushed Turkey’s bid for EU membership by promoting Turkey as a bridge between civilizations and as such indispensable to the EU. The wedding was only one of many occasions in which Erdoğan and other members of the Justice and Development Party, AKP (Adalet ve Kalkinma Partisi), used the term “civilization” to promote Turkish EU membership.


European Union Muslim World Contemporary Civilization Social Vision European Identity 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Asad, Talal (2002): Muslims and European Identity: Can Europe Represent Islam, in Anthony Pagden (ed): The Idea of Europe: From Antiquity to the European Union, West Nyack: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  2. — (2003): Formations of the Secular: Christianity, Islam, Modernity, Palo Alto, CA: Stanford University Press.Google Scholar
  3. Berkes, Niyazi (1954): Ziya Gokalp: His contribution to Turkish Nationalism. Middle East Journal, 8 (4): 375–390.Google Scholar
  4. Canafe, Nergis and Mehmet Ugur (2004): Turkey and European Integration: Introduction, in Mehmet Ugur and Nergis Canafe (eds.): Turkey and European Integration: Accession Prospects and Issues, London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  5. Comaroff, John L. and Jean Comaroff (1999): Introduction, in John L. Comaroff and Jean Comaroff (eds.): Civil Society and the Political Imagination in Africa: Critical Perspectives, Chicago: Chicago University Press.Google Scholar
  6. Cowling, Ross (2005): Turkey and the EU, The European Journal, 12 (8): 9–10Google Scholar
  7. Daği, Ihsan (2004): Rethinking Human Rights, Democracy, and the West: Post-Islamist Intellectuals in Turkey, Critique: Critical Middle Eastern Studies, 13 (2): 135–151.Google Scholar
  8. — (2006): Islamic Identity and the West: Is conflict inevitable?, in Pamela Kilpadi (ed): Islam and Tolerance in a Wider Europe, New York: Open Society Institute.Google Scholar
  9. Delgado-Moreira, Juan M (1997): Cultural Citizenship and the Creation of European Identity, Electronic Journal of Sociology, 2 (3): 1–24.Google Scholar
  10. Duran, Burhanettin (2004): Islamist Redefinition(s) of European and Islamic Identities in Turkey, in Mehmet Ugur and Nergis Canafe (eds.): Turkey and European Integration: Accession prospects and issues, London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  11. — (2006): JDP and Foreign Policy as an Agent of Transformation, in M. Hakan Yavuz (ed.): The Emergence of a New Turkey: Democracy and the AK Parti, Salt Lake City: University of Utah Press.Google Scholar
  12. Eriksen, Thomas Hylland (2001): Bag fjendebilledet: Islam og verden efter den 11. september [Images of the Enemy: Islam and the World after September 11th], København: Informations Forlag.Google Scholar
  13. Fokas, Effie (2004): The Islamist Movement and EU-Turkey Relations, in Mehmet Ugur and Nergis Canafe (eds.): Turkey and European Integration: Accession Prospects and Issues, London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  14. Fossum, John Erik (2003): The European Union: In Search of an Identity, European Journal of Political Theory, 2 (3): 319–340.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Frello, Birgitta (2003): Identiteter på spil: Medierne og krigen i Kosovo [Identities in Play: The Media and the War in Kosovo], København: Forlaget Politiske Studier.Google Scholar
  16. Gökalp, Ziya (1959): Turkish Nationalism and Western Civilisation: Selected Essays of Ziya Gokalp, selected by N. Berkes, New York: Columbia University Press.Google Scholar
  17. — (1968): The Principles of Turkism, Leiden: E.J. Brill.Google Scholar
  18. — (1976): Türkleşmek, Islamlaşmak, Çağdaşlaşmak ve Doğru yol, Istanbul: Inkilâp.Google Scholar
  19. — (1977): Turk Töresi, Istanbul: Inkilap.Google Scholar
  20. — (1987[1975]): Türkçülüğün Esaslari, Istanbul: Inkilâp.Google Scholar
  21. — (1991): Türk Uygarliği Tarihi, Istanbul: Inkilâp.Google Scholar
  22. — (1995): Hars ve medeniyet, Istanbul: Inkilâp.Google Scholar
  23. Göle, Nilüfer (1996): The Forbidden Modern: Civilisation and Veiling, Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.Google Scholar
  24. — (1997): Secularism and Islamism in Turkey: The Making of Elites and Counter-elites, Middle East Journal, 51 (1): 46–58.Google Scholar
  25. van Ham, Peter (2001): European Integration and the Postmodern Condition: Governance, Democracy, Identity, London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  26. Hanioğlu, M. Şükrü (1995): The Young Turks in Opposition, Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  27. — (2001): Preparation for a Revolution: The Young Turks, 1902–1908, Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  28. Heyd, Uriel (1950): Foundations of Turkish Nationalism: The Life and Teachings of Ziya Gokalp, London: Harvill Press.Google Scholar
  29. Huntington, Samuel (1993): The Clash of Civilisations? Foreign Affairs, 72 (3): 22–49.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Ifversen, Jan (2000): Begreber, diskurser ogtekster omkring civilisation [Concepts, Discourses and Texts on Civilisation], in Torben Bech Dyrberg et al. (eds.): Diskursteorien på arbejde [Using Discourse Analysis], Frederiksberg: Roskilde Universitetsforlag.Google Scholar
  31. Jung, Dietrich (with Piccoli) (2001): Turkey at the Crossroads: Ottoman Legacies and a Greater Middle East, London: Zed Books.Google Scholar
  32. Kadioğlu, Ayşe (1996): The Paradox of Turkish Nationalism and the Construction of Official Identity, in S. Kedourie (ed): Turkey: Identity, Democracy, Politics, London: Frank Cass.Google Scholar
  33. Karpat, Kemal H. (2000): Historical Continuity and Identity Change or How to Be Modern Muslim, Ottoman and Turk, in Kemal H. Karpat (ed.): Ottoman Past and Todays Turkey, Leiden: E.J. Brill.Google Scholar
  34. Keyman, E. Fuat and Ahmet Içduygu (2003): Globalization, Civil Society and Citizenship in Turkey: Actors, Boundaries and Discourses, Citizenship Studies, 7 (2): 219–234.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Laffan, Brigid (1998): The European Union: A Distinctive Model of Internationalization, Journal of European Public Policy, 5 (2): 235–253.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. — (2001): The European Union Polity: A Union of Regulative, Normative and Cognitive Pillars, Journal of European Public Policy, 8 (5): 709–727.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Mardin, Şerif (2006): Religion, Society and Modernity in Turkey, Syracuse: Syracuse University Press.Google Scholar
  38. Østergård, Uffe (2000): Hvad er det ‘europeeiske’ ved den europæiske civilisation? [What is ‘European’ about European Civilisation?], in Jacob Balling (ed.): Kirken og Europa. København: Aarhus Universitetsforlag.Google Scholar
  39. Özbudun, Ergun (2000): Contemporary Turkish Politics: Challenges to Democratic Consolidation, London: Lynne Rienner.Google Scholar
  40. Pagden, Anthony (2002): Europe: Conceptualizing a Continent, in Anthony Pagden (ed): The Idea of Europe: From Antiquity to the European Union. West Nyack: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Robins, Kevin (1996): Interrupting Identities: Turkey/Europe, in Stuart Hall and Paul du Gay (eds.): Questions of Cultural Identity, London: Sage.Google Scholar
  42. Seligman, Adam (1992): The Idea of Civil Society, New York: Free Press.Google Scholar
  43. Shore, Chris (2004): Whither European Citizenship? Eros and Civilisation Revisited, European Journal of Social Theory, 7 (1): 27–44.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Stråth, Bo (2002): A European Identity: To the Historical Limits of a Concept, European Journal of Social Theory, 5 (4): 387–401.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Teitelbaum Michael S. and Philip L. Martin (2003): Is Turkey Ready for Europe?, Foreign Affairs, 82 (3): 97–111.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Tempo (2006): ‘Turkiye AB’ye hem agliyor hem gidiyor. Turkiye’de Milliyetcilik Araştirmasi,’ Tempo, say! 14/957, 6 Nisan.Google Scholar
  47. Turkish Daily News (2004): “Erdoğan: Some Groups Are Trying to Hinder Turkey’s Membership,” TDN, April 26.Google Scholar
  48. — (2004): “Current politics” section, TDN Probe, May 21.Google Scholar
  49. — (2004): “EU Risks Muslim Anger If Turkey Kept Out,” TDN, September 9.Google Scholar
  50. Yavuz, M. Hakan (2003): Islamic Political Identity in Turkey, Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  51. — (2006): Islam and Europeanization in Turkish-Muslim Socio-political Movements, in Timothy A. Byrnes and Peter J. Katzenstein (eds.): Religion in an Expanding Europe, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  52. Zürcher, Erich J. (2000): Young Turks, Ottoman Muslims and Turkish Nationalists: Identity Politics 1908–1938, in Kemal H. Karpat (ed.): Ottoman Past and Todays Turkey, Leiden: E.J. Brill.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Dietrich Jung and Catharina Raudvere 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Daniella Kuzmanovic

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations