Periscoping the Future: Will China and Japan Ever Be Like France and Germany?
In a comment on the weak Asian regional institutions, Masaru Tamamoto (2005: 18), a noted Japanese commentator, raised a thoughtful question, namely: Will China and Japan act like France and Germany in taking the initiative in community building? The question recalls to mind the long Franco-German rivalry in history, which ran from the late nineteenth century to the first half of the twentieth century. But after World War II, from which Germany emerged chastened by defeat and France badly shaken by the devastating effects of the “total war,” the two nations learned to bury their hatchets. They joined hands, in concert with other European powers, to build the European Economic Community (later the European Community), laying the groundwork for today’s European Union. They remain the two strong pillars of European integration. Tamamoto’s question is whether China and Japan will ever be able to follow the French-German example of reconciliation. In this last chapter, it is only appropriate for us to entertain this forward-looking question, which without doubt has implications far beyond the future of the bilateral relations between the two Asian giants. At stake is the larger question of regional and even global peace and stability, as well as economic prosperity, throughout the twenty-first century.
KeywordsPrime Minister Liberal Democratic Party History Textbook Japanese Public Holocaust Memorial
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Abe, Shinzo. 2006. Utsukushii Kuni He [Toward the beautiful country]. Tokyo: Bunshun Shinsho.Google Scholar
- Auer, James E., and Robyn Lim. 2004. Japan: America’s new South Korea? Current History 103 (674): 280–83.Google Scholar
- Barnhart, Michael. 1987. Japan prepares for total war: The search for economic security, 1919–1941. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.Google Scholar
- Burks, Ardath. 1956. Part two: The government and politics of Japan. In Far eastern governments and politics, ed. Paul Linebarger, Djang Chu, and Ardath Burks. Princeton, NJ: Van Nostrand.Google Scholar
- Carr, Edward Hallet. 1945. Nationalism and after. London.Google Scholar
- Chen, Che-po, and Brian Bridges. 2006. China, Japan, and the clash of nationalisms. In Asian Perspective 30 (1): 127–56.Google Scholar
- Chen, Jianzhong.. 2006. Watch Japan’s meddling in the Taiwan question. The Straits Review (Taipei), no. 189 (September): 22–25.Google Scholar
- Clubb, O. Edmund. 1972. 20th Century China, 2nd ed. New York: Columbia University PressGoogle Scholar
- Economist. 2006a. Yasukuni-jinja. Economist (August 19), online; http://www.economist.com.
- 2006b. Jaan and its neighbors: A giant stirs, a region bridles. Economist (May 13): 25–27.Google Scholar
- Fackler, Martin. 2006. New premier seeks a Japan with muscle and a voice. New York Times, September 27, p. A3.Google Scholar
- Greimel, Hans. 2006. Japan’s Abe fights in Koizumi’s shadow. Washington Post, September 24, http://www.washingtonpost.com.
- Harris, Sheldon H. 1994. Factories of death: Japanese biological warfare, 1932–1945, and the American cover-up. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
- Harvard Report. 2004. Report on the conference on the military history of the Sino-Japanese War of 1937–1945, Harvard University.Google Scholar
- Hsiung, James C., ed. 2001. Twenty-first century world order and the Asia Pacific. New York: Palgrave.Google Scholar
- Hsiung, James C., and Steven I. Levine. 1992. China’s bitter victory: War with Japan: 1937–1945. Armonk, NY: M. E. Sharpe.Google Scholar
- Hutzler, Charles and Todd Zaun. 2002. Beijing, Tokyo reach a compromise on farm exports, Asian Wall Street Journal, Weekly Edition, January 7–13.Google Scholar
- Ienaga, Saburo. 1993–1994. The glorification of war in Japanese education. International Security 18, no. 3 (Winter): 332–49. Translated from the Japanese by Frank Baldwin.Google Scholar
- Jacques, Martin. 2006. Japan’s resurgent nationalism has global ramifications. Guardian, September 27, p. 30.Google Scholar
- Janis, Irving and Leon Mann.1977. Decision Making. New York: Free Press.Google Scholar
- Kahn, Joseph. 2003. China angered by reported orgy involving Japanese tourists. New York Times, September 30, p. A5.Google Scholar
- Kawabata, Tai. 1993. Screening deleted section on Japan’s vicimizaion of Asia, Japan Times Weekly, May 16, p. 7.Google Scholar
- Kyodo News Service. 1993. Textbook screening not censorship: Historian’s 28- year lawsuit fails. Japan Times Weekly, March 29–April 4, p. 4.Google Scholar
- Lehmann, Jean Pierre. 2006. Japan vs. China: The other clash of civilizations. The Globalist, January 20, 2006. http://www.theglobalist.com/StoryId.apx? StryId=4487.
- Liefer, Michael, ed. 2000. Asian nationalism. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
- Linebarger, Paul, Djang Chu, and Ardath Burks. 1956. Far eastern governments and politics. Princeton, NJ: Van Nostrand.Google Scholar
- Mainichi shimbun poll taken on October 6, 2005. as reported in Qiao Bao [China Press] (New York), October 7, p. A2.Google Scholar
- McNeill, David. 2006. Japan’s hawkish new PM names conservative cabinet. Independent (London), September 27, p. 24.Google Scholar
- Meyer, Milton W. 1993. Japan: A concise history. 3rd ed. Lanham, MD: Littlefield Adams.Google Scholar
- Newby, Laura. 1988. Sino-Japanese relations. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
- Petersen, Roger. 2000. Understanding ethnic violence: Fear, hatred, and resentment in twentieth-century Eastern Europe. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
- Pilling, David. 2006. The son also rises. Financial Times, September 15, p. 16.Google Scholar
- Screening deleted section on Japan’s victimization of Asia. Japan Times Weekly, May 16, p. 7.Google Scholar
- Sansom, George. 1961. A History of Japan: 1334–1615. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.Google Scholar
- Smith, Anthony D. 2000. Theories of nationalism: Alternative models of nation. In Asian nationalism, ed. Michael Liefer; chaper 1. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
- Tamamoto, Masaru. 2005. After the tsunami: How Japan can lead. Far Eastern Economic Review 168 (2): 10–18.Google Scholar
- Tanaka, Masaaki. 2000. What really happened in Nanking: The refutation of a common myth. Tokyo: Sekai Shuppan.Google Scholar
- Togo, Kazuhiko. 2006. A moratorium on Yasukuni visits. Far Eastern Economic Review 169 (5): 5–15.Google Scholar
- Wu, Tianwei. n.d. The failure of the Tokyo trial. http://www.centurychina.com/wiihist/japdeny/tokyo_trial.html.
- Yoshino, Kosaki. 2001. Japan’s nationalism in a marketplace perspective. In Understanding Nationalism, ed. Monstestserrat Guibernau and John Hutchison, 142–63. Cambridge: Polity.Google Scholar
- Zoellick, Robert. 2005. Whither China? From membership to responsibility. A talk before the National Committee on U.S.-China Relations, September 21. http://www.state.gov/s/d/ren/53682.htm.