Human Security: European and Asian Approaches

  • Antonio Marquina
  • Mely Caballero-Anthony


The concept of human security has its roots in the debates on security carried out before and after the Cold War. The Independent Commission on International Development (1980), the World Commission on Environment and Development (1987), the Commission on Global Governance (1995) and the United Nations Conference on the Environment and Sustainable Development (1992) were influential in broadening the concept of security and the subjects of security, not only states but also the planet as a whole and its citizens and individuals, its actors, threats, risks and security mechanisms. The internal conflicts and the civilians that were at the epicentre of conflicts in many parts of the world after the Cold War contributed to the reformulation of the concept of security. Many threats to human survival and well-being were internal threats. To this has to be added the awareness of global risks induced largely by the actions of people living in different states.


European Union Foreign Policy Energy Security Human Security Lisbon Treaty 
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Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Antonio Marquina
  • Mely Caballero-Anthony

There are no affiliations available

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