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Human Security: European and Asian Approaches

  • Antonio Marquina
  • Mely Caballero-Anthony
Chapter
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Abstract

The concept of human security has its roots in the debates on security carried out before and after the Cold War. The Independent Commission on International Development (1980), the World Commission on Environment and Development (1987), the Commission on Global Governance (1995) and the United Nations Conference on the Environment and Sustainable Development (1992) were influential in broadening the concept of security and the subjects of security, not only states but also the planet as a whole and its citizens and individuals, its actors, threats, risks and security mechanisms. The internal conflicts and the civilians that were at the epicentre of conflicts in many parts of the world after the Cold War contributed to the reformulation of the concept of security. Many threats to human survival and well-being were internal threats. To this has to be added the awareness of global risks induced largely by the actions of people living in different states.

Keywords

European Union Foreign Policy Energy Security Human Security Lisbon Treaty 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

  1. 1.
    United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), Human Development Report 1994 (New York: Oxford University Press, 1994), pp. 22–3. Google Scholar
  2. 6.
    A. Suhrke, ‘Human Security and the Interests of States’, Security Dialogue, Vol. 30, No. 3, September 1999. Google Scholar
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    See R. Paris, ‘Human Security: Paradigm Shift or Hot Air’, International Security, Vol. 26, No. 2, Fall 2001, pp. 88, 87–102.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 9.
    See W. T. Tow and R. Trood, ‘Linkages between Traditional Security and Human Security’, in W. T. Tow, R. Thakur and In-Taek Hyun (eds), Asia’s Emerging Regional Order (New York: United Nations University Press, 2000) p. 14.Google Scholar
  5. 12.
    J. Solana, ‘A Secure Europe in a Better World: European Security Strategy’, Brussels, 12 December 2003.Google Scholar
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    See F. Duchêne, ‘Europe’s Role in World Peace’, in R. Mayne (ed.), Europe Tomorrow: Sixteen Europeans Look Ahead ( London: Fontana, 1972 ), pp. 32–47.Google Scholar
  7. 16.
    A. Hyde-Price, ‘“Normative” Power Europe: a Realist Critique’, in Sjursen (ed.), Civilian or Military Power?, p. 50.Google Scholar
  8. 38.
    K. Booth, ‘Security and Emancipation’, cited in K. Booth, ‘International Relations Theory vs. the Future’, in K. Booth and S. Smith (eds), International Relations Theory Today (University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press, 1995), pp. 328–49.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Antonio Marquina
  • Mely Caballero-Anthony

There are no affiliations available

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