The political structure of the North Korean Communist regime had developed some distinctly unorthodox features before the 1980s. The most important was Kim II Sung’s personal rule, which in its degree or strength was unusual for a Communist regime and in its longevity was unusual for any regime. Kim II Sung had come to power in the late 1940s as the puppet ruler installed by the Soviet forces that had occupied the northern part of formerly Japanese-ruled Korea in the aftermath of the Second World War. He had been the leader of a Korean partisan band that had fought the Japanese in the 1930s before retreating into the Soviet Union and returning to Korea with the Soviet army in 1945. When the Soviet forces withdrew at the end of 1948 from the newly proclaimed state of North Korea (formally the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea), they left Kim ensconced as leader of a typical Communist regime.
KeywordsCommunist Regime Collective Farm Supreme People Personality Cult Provincial Governor
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