Advertisement

China’S Soft Power: A Blessing or Challenge to World Governance?

  • Jing Men
  • Benjamin Barton

Abstract

Unlike developed Western countries, the founders of the international political system, China is a latecomer and has only become indispensably important in the decision-making process of the international political economy in the twenty-first century. Together with its rising hard power, China has also increased its soft power in recent years. As notable differences exist between China and Western countries in terms of political systems, levels of economic development, ideology, culture, and historical background, it is interesting to examine the influence of China’s soft power on world governance.

Keywords

Global Governance Soft Power Sovereign Wealth Fund Chinese Foreign Policy Security Governance 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Barboza, David (2010). “China Passes Japan as Second-Largest Economy,” New York Times (online edition), August 15, http://www.nytimes.com/2010/08/16/business/global/16yuan.html (accessed September 9, 2010).Google Scholar
  2. Chan, Gerald (2007). “China’s Approach to Global Governance. Conference Paper Presented at the China in the World, the World in China International Conference, 5–6 August 2007, University of Malaya,” http://ics.um.edu.my/images/ics/aug2007/gerald.pdf (accessed November 26, 2010).Google Scholar
  3. Chin, Gregory, and Ramesh Thakur (2010). “Will China Change the Rules of Global Order?” The Washington Quarterly 33 (4): 119–38.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Chinese Foreign Ministry (2007). “Special Representative for Climate Change Negotiations of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs Yu Qingtai Receives Interview of the Media,” September 22, http://www.mfa.gov.cn/ce/celt/eng/xwdt/t366696.htm (accessed October 22, 2009).Google Scholar
  5. Chitty, Naren (2010). “Hard Elements of Soft Power,” China Daily (online edition), November 19, http://www.chinadaily.com.cn/opinion/2010-11/19/content_11574979.htm (accessed November 20, 2010).Google Scholar
  6. Cho, Young Nam, and Jong Ho Jeong (2008). “China’s Soft Power,” Asia Survey 48 (3): 453–72.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Croft, Adrian (2008). “Brown Says UK Door Open to China Sovereign Wealth Fund,” Reuters (online edition), January 18, http://in.reuters.com/artide/idINLAW00004l20080117 (accessed October 23, 2010).Google Scholar
  8. Drezner, Daniel W. (2010). “U.S. Debt to China: Implications and Repercussions,” U.S.-China Economic and Security Review Commission (online edition), February 25, http://www.uscc.gov/hearings/2010hearings/written_testimonies/10_02_25_wrt/10_02_25_drezner_statement.php (accessed November 28, 2010).Google Scholar
  9. Ellis, Linden J. (2007). “China Exim Bank in Africa,” Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars (online edition), March 22, http://www.wilsoncenter.org/index.cfm?topic_id= 1421&fuseaction = topics.event_summary&event_id=224956 (accessed October 22, 2010).Google Scholar
  10. Gertz, Bill (2000). The China Threat: How the People’s Republic Targets America. Washington DC: Regnery.Google Scholar
  11. Gill, Bates, and Huang Chin-hao (2009). “China’s Expanding Presence in Peacekeeping: Prospects and Policy Implications,” SIPRI Policy Paper no. 25, November 2009, http://books.sipri.org/product_info?c_product_id=393 (accessed November 18, 2010).Google Scholar
  12. Glaser, Bonnie S., and Evan S Medeiros (2007). “The Changing Ecology of Foreign Policy-Making in China: The Ascension and Demise of the Theory of ‘Peaceful Rise,’” The China Quarterly, no. 190: 291–310.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Guo, Sujian (2006). China’s “Peaceful Rise” in the 21st Century: Domestic and International Conditions. Hampshire, UK: Ashgate.Google Scholar
  14. Heggelund, Gørild (2004). Environment and Resettlement Politics in China: The Three Gorges Project. Hampshire, UK: Ashgate.Google Scholar
  15. Hu Jintao (2005). “Nuli jianshe chijiu heping, gongtong fanrong de hexie shijie” [Strive to Build a Harmonious World of Lasting Peace and Common Prosperity]. Speech given by Hu Jintao at the World Summit commemorating the 60th anniversary of the founding of the UN, September 16, http://politics.people.com.cn/GB/1024/3699888.html (accessed October 28, 2010).Google Scholar
  16. Hu Jintao (2007). “Hu Jintao Calls for Enhancing ‘Soft Power’ of Chinese Culture,” Xinhuanet (online edition), October 15, http://news.xinhuanet.com/english/2007-10/15/content_6883748.htm (accessed October 29, 2010).Google Scholar
  17. International Crisis Group (ICG) (2009). “China’s Growing Role in UN Peacekeeping,” Asia Report 17 April 2009, 166: 1–44.Google Scholar
  18. Jiao, Wu, and Yuwei Zhang (2010). “UN Must Play a Bigger Role for World Peace: Wen,” China Daily (online edition), http://www.chinadaily.com.cn/china/2010-09/25/content_1134l732.htm (accessed November 18, 2010).Google Scholar
  19. Kurlantzick, Joshua (2007). Charm Offensive: How China’s Soft Power Is Transforming the World. Yale University Press.Google Scholar
  20. Li, Xiaokun (2009). “Business Delegation Set for French Purchase Mission,” China Daily (online edition), April 9, http://www.chinadaily.com.cn/china/2009-04/09/content_7660001.htm (accessed October 24, 2010).Google Scholar
  21. Marklein, Mary Beth (2009). “A Culture Clash over Confucius Institutes,” USA Today, July 12, http://www.usatoday.com/news/education/2009-12-08-1 Achinesestudents_VA_N.htm (accessed October 30, 2010).Google Scholar
  22. Martin, Michael F. (2008). China’s Sovereign Wealth Fund (CRS Report for Congress) (online edition), January 22, http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/row/RL34337.pdf (accessed October 20, 2010).Google Scholar
  23. Martin, Michael F. (2010) China’s Sovereign Wealth Fund: Developments and Policy Implications (CRS Report for Congress) (online edition), September 23, http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/row/R41441.pdf (accessed October 20, 2010).Google Scholar
  24. McGiffert, Carola (2009). Chinese Sofi Power and Its Implications for the United States. Washington, D.C.: Center for Strategic & International Studies.Google Scholar
  25. Men, Honghua (2004). “Zhongguo jueqi yu guoji zhixu” [The Rise of China and International Order], Taipingyang Xuebao [The Pacific Journal], no. 2: 4–12.Google Scholar
  26. Men, Jing (2007). “Changing Ideology in China and Its Impact on Chinese Foreign Policy.” In New Dimensions of Chinese Foreign Policy, ed. Sujian Guo and Shiping Hua. New York/Lexington: Rowman & Littlefield.Google Scholar
  27. Men, Jing (2010a). “China and Africa: Old Friends New Partners.” In Dancing with the Dragon: China’s Emergence in the Developing World, ed. Dennis Hickey and Baogang Guo. Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield-Lexington.Google Scholar
  28. Men, Jing(2010b). “More Proactive Diplomacy,” China Daily (online edition), October 25, http://www.chinadaily.com.cn/opinion/2010-10/25/content_11451554.htm (accessed November 2, 2010).Google Scholar
  29. Nye, Joseph (2004). Soft Power: The Means to Success in World Politics. New York: Public Affairs.Google Scholar
  30. Nye, Joseph (2005). “The Rise of China’s Soft Power,” Wall Street Journal, December 29.Google Scholar
  31. Pang, Zhongying (2008). “Playing by ‘The Rules’ Is China a Partner or Ward?” Spiegel (online edition), October 17, http://www.spiegel.de/international/world/0,1518,584758,00.html (accessed September 3, 2010).Google Scholar
  32. People’s Daily (online edition) (2006). “Confucius Institute: Promoting Language, Culture and Friendliness,” October 2, http://english.peopledaily.com.cn/200610/02/eng20061002_308230.html (accessed October 20, 2010).
  33. People’s Daily (online edition) (2009). “Chinese Delegation in Europe for Trade Promotion,” http://english.peopledaily.com.cn/90001/90778/90857/90861/6602020.html (accessed October 23, 2010).
  34. Pickert, Perry L. (2006). “China’s Multilateral Diplomacy: Strategy or Stratagem? Testimony for the Subcommittee on International Relations, United States House of Representatives” http://internationalrelations.house.gov/archives/109/pic021406.pdf (accessed November 26, 2010).Google Scholar
  35. Qian, Qichen (1997). “Opening Statement by H.E. Mr. Qian Qichen Vice Premier and Minister of Foreign Affairs of China,” ASEAN official website (online edition), http://www.aseansec.org/4055.htm (accessed October 25, 2010).Google Scholar
  36. Ross, Robert S. (2005). “Assessing the China Threat,” The National Interest, no. 81:81–87.Google Scholar
  37. Roy, Denny (1996). “The ‘China Threat’ Issue: Major Arguments,” Asian Survey, vol. 36:758–71.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Saw, Swee-Hock (2007). ASEAN-China Economic Relations. Singapore: Institute of Southeast Asian Studies.Google Scholar
  39. Shambaugh, David (2010). “China and Global Governance: The Security Sphere,” http://unpan1.un.org/intradoc/groups/public/documents/apcity/unpan043023.pdf (accessed November 26, 2010).Google Scholar
  40. Shang, Jun, Yun Zhixiao and Hai Yang (2010). “Chinese Business Delegation Creates Win-Win Situation in Europe,” Xinhuanet (online edition), February 28, http://news.xinhuanet.com/english/2009-02/28/content_10918736.htm (accessed October 24, 2010).Google Scholar
  41. Singh, Bhartendu Kumar (2009). “China and the Politics of UN Peacekeeping,” ICPS Articles no. 2831, March 13, http://www.ipcs.org/article/army/china-and-the-politics-of-un-peacekeeping-2831.html (accessed November 18, 2010).Google Scholar
  42. Su, Wei (2010). “China’s Expectations for the Cancun Conference,” China Today (online edition), September 19, http://www.china.org.cn/opinion/2010-09/19/content_20964016.htm (accessed November 20, 2010).Google Scholar
  43. Suettinger, Robert L. (2004). “The Rise and Descent of ‘Peaceful Rise’,” China Leadership Monitor, no. 12: 1–10.Google Scholar
  44. Sun, Zhe (2009). “Chinas Strategic Choice in Global Economic Governance. Presentation given at the 2009 PECC Conference Singapore,” http://www.pecc.org/resources/doc_details/665-chinas-strategic-choice-in-global-eco nomic-governance (accessed November 18, 2010).Google Scholar
  45. Taylor, Ian (2008). Chinas New Role in Africa. Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner.Google Scholar
  46. Teitt, Sara (2008). China and the Responsibility to Protect, report of the Asia-Pacific Centre for the Responsibility to Protect, December 19, p. 2, http://www.responsibilitytoprotect.org/files/China_and_R2P%5B1%5D.pdf (accessed September 2, 2010).Google Scholar
  47. Thompson, James (2010). “China ‘Overtakes’ Germany to Become Largest Exporter,” The Independent, (online edition), January 11, http://www.independent.co.uk/news/business/news/china-overtakes-germany-to-be come-largest-exporter-1864052.html (accessed September 9, 2010).Google Scholar
  48. Turner, Susan (2009). “Russia, China and a Multipolar World Order: The Danger of the Undefined,” Asian Perspective, vol. 33 (1): 159–84.Google Scholar
  49. Van Hoeymissen, Sara (2011). “China, Sovereignty and the Protection of Civilians in Armed Conflict in Africa: The Emergence of a ‘Third Paradigm’ of International Intervention?” In China and the European Union in Africa: Partners or Competitors, ed. Jing Men and Benjamin Barton. Farnham: Ashgate.Google Scholar
  50. Wang, Bo (2010). “African Eximbank to Extend Loans for Telecom from ZTE,” China Daily (online edition), September 30, http://www.chinadaily.com.cn/bizchina/2010-09/30/content_11368783.htm (accessed October 22, 2010).Google Scholar
  51. Wang, Hongying, and James N. Rosenau (2009). “China and Global Governance,” Asian Perspective, vol. 33: 5–39.Google Scholar
  52. Wang, Jisi (2010). “Strategic Conflict Inevitable Between China and US,” Global Times (online edition), August 5, http://www.globalresearch.ca/index. php?context=va&aid=20496 (accessed October 24, 2010).Google Scholar
  53. Wang, Youming (2010). “The EU’s Global Governance Versus China’s Harmonious World,”http://www.realinstitutoelcano.org/wps/portal/rielcano_eng/Content? WCM_GLOBAL_CONTEXT=/elcano/elcano_in/zonas_in/ari 133–2010 (accessed November 26, 2010).Google Scholar
  54. Wei, Shen (2008). “In the Mood for Multilateralism? China’s Evolving Global View,” Centre Asie IFRI Working Paper, July 2008, http://www.ifri.org/?page= detail-contribution&id=5089&id_provenance=97 (accessed November 18, 2010).Google Scholar
  55. Wu, Xinbo (2010). “Understanding the Geopolitical Implications of the Global Financial Crisis,” The Washington Quarterly, vol. 33 (4): 155–63.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. Xiaoyang (2009). “Chinese Delegation Promote Trade Co-op in Europe,” July 5, http://travelinchina.org/chinese-economy/chinese-delegation-promote-trade-co-op-in-europe.html (accessed October 23, 2010).Google Scholar
  57. Xinhuanet (online edition) (2009). “China Sends Another Delegation to Europe for Investment,” March 7, http://news.xinhuanet.com/english/2009-03/07/content_10965642.htm (accessed October 23, 2010).Google Scholar
  58. Xu, Xuejiang (2008). “Renmin daibiao dahuizhi yu ‘Zhongguo moshi’” [The System of National People’s Congress and “The Chinese Model”], Xinhuanet (online edition), March 28, http://news.xinhuanet.com/comments/2008-03/28/content_7873816.htm (accessed October 25, 2010).Google Scholar
  59. Yu, Yongding (2005). “G20 and China: A Chinese Perspective,” China & World Economy, vol. 13 (1): 3–14.Google Scholar
  60. Zhang, Monan (2010). “Debtor Has Edge over Creditor,” China Daily (online edition), September 18, http://www.chinadaily.com.cn/thinktank/2010-09/18/content_11320707.htm (accessed October 19, 2010).Google Scholar
  61. Zhu, Liqun (2010). China’s Foreign Policy Debates, Chaillot Papers, European Union Institute for Security Studies.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Deng Zhenglai and Sujian Guo 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jing Men
  • Benjamin Barton

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations